Date of Submission



Currently available methods for assessing flow at work do not assess the true experiential state of flow; are confounded with antecedents or outcomes of flow; have issues with reliability; or have little to no established evidence of validity. In the absence of a conceptually appropriate, reliable, and valid scale that measures the flow experience, the present thesis aimed to: appropriately classify all the dimensions found in flow theory into antecedents, the experiential state, or outcomes of flow; develop a measure of the conditions to flow, and a measure of the flow state or experience using currently recommended guidelines in scale development; and provide evidence of reliability and validity for both the developed scales. This research also aimed to identify possible antecedents and positive outcomes of experiencing flow at work for both individuals and organisations.

Document Type


Access Rights

Open Access


328 pages

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Faculty of Arts and Sciences