Date of Submission



This dissertation discusses some logical premises or propositions of two themes with their conclusion regarding the traditional Moanan-Tongan fatongia, obligation, and its relation to ancient Greco-Roman deontic, obligation. The premise of the first theme considers fatongia as a worldview, philosophia or weltanschauung, which is embedded in human fundamental values and behaviors like justice, dykaisyn or faitotonu, and democracy, demoskratos or pule'aetokolahi. With the premise of the second theme, it considers fatongia with its specific aim, siate, of fiefia as embedded in human fundamental values and behaviours. The logical conclusion therefore of these two themes with their premises asserts that fatongia as a worldview with its siate of fiefia is implanted in human fundamental values and behaviours. Such a conclusion is philosophically and logically taken as the 'main argument' of this dissertation on the scientific and logical grounds of generalization and deductive-inductive method. So the overall focus then is to scientifically find out and uncover the interrelated facts in Moanan-Tongan and Greco-Roman contexts that can support the two given premises and their conclusion with its main argument. Overall, fiefia is viewed as a psychological and emotional product arising from delivering a particular fatongia, in fair and symmetrical manners, and vice-versa. Moanan-Tongan fatongia as a worldview is metaphorically and aesthetically considered as a social, moral, political, economic or cultural phenomenon that aims to produce fiefia in its divine finale of tauelangi, climactic euphoria, and 'alaha kakala, permeating fragrance. Fiefia is symbolically and artistically equated by Tongans to the psychological and emotional state of attaining the divine climax of tauelangi, and 'alaha kakala.;With 'alaha kakala first of all, the etymology of fatongia is perceived to be stemmed from pandanus plant, fa, with its ripe fragrant fruits, fua'i fa momoho, that are immediately permeated sophisticatedly, tongia, when cutting, tu'usi, or plucking, paki'i. It is a situation which includes 'alaha kakala with its permeating nature when wearing garlands, kahoa kakala, and waist fragrant girdle, sisi kakala, in any performance art, faiva, like dance, faiva haka or tau'olunga and fatongia in a given social function, katoanga. The etymology of tauelangi furthermore appears to be derived from faiva haka in faiva with its specific aim to achieve climactic happiness. So, fiefia plays a very crucial role in the formation and development of Moanan-Tongan fatongia as a worldview since ancient time. Fiefia in Moanan-Tongan culture then is further scientifically observed and examined in relation to the first philosophical interpretation and logically study of happiness, eudaimonia, in obligation, deontic, in Western history and culture by the ancient Greco-Roman philosophers. These are the overall crux of fiefia in Moanan-Tongan fatongia with respect to eudaimonia in Greco-Roman deontic, which may contribute positively to the study of obligation in social policy and academic circles worldwide. This can consolidate too the logical conclusion of this study with its main argument of claiming the worldview of fatongia with its siate of fiefia as embedded in human fundamental values and behaviours at large.


School of Social Work

Document Type


Access Rights

Open Access


271 pages

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Faculty of Arts and Sciences

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Social Work Commons