The Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research aims to identify critical gaps within community and healthcare services, with an explicit goal to improve health outcomes (and a focus on vulnerable groups) via innovative individual, community and health service-focused programs.

Collaborating on projects nationally and internationally, The MacKillop invests in people and communities across Australia and beyond its borders.

Through research that responds to real needs, researchers are working to improve the well-being of people locally and globally so that they can lead full, healthy lives.

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Submissions from 2018

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Clinically relevant doses of vitamin a decrease cortical bone mass in mice, Vikte Lionikaite, Karin L. Gustafsson, Anna Westerlund, Sara H. Windahl, Antti Koskela, Juha Tuukkanen, Helena Johansson, Claes Ohlsson, H. Herschel Conaway, Petra Henning, and Ulf H. Lerner

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Planned care for obesity and cardiovascular risk reduction using a stepped-down approach: a randomized-controlled trial, Jie Liu, Job G. Godino, Gregory J. Norman, Linda Hill, Karen J. Calfas, Jim Sallis, Elva M. Arredondo, Cheryl L. Rock, Michael H. Criqui, Shu-Hong Zhu, Kenneth Griffiths, Jennifer Covin, Lindsay W. Dillon, and Kevin Patrick

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The impairment of vascular reactivity across the spectrum of cardiometabolic health, Jordan Luke Loader

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Validation of a blood marker for plasma volume in endurance athletes during a live-high train-low altitude training camp, Louisa M. Lobigs, Laura A. Garvican-Lewis, Victor L. Vuong, Nicolin Tee, Christopher J. Gore, Peter Peeling, Brian Dawson, and Yorck O. Schumacher

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Validation of a blood marker for plasma volume in endurance athletes during a live-high train-low altitude training camp [accepted manuscript], Louisa M. Lobigs, Laura A. Garvican-Lewis, Victor L. Vuong, Nicolin Tee, Christopher J. Gore, Peter Peeling, Brian Dawson, and Yorck O. Schumacher

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The athlete's hematological response to hypoxia: a meta-analysis on the influence of altitude exposure on key biomarkers of erythropoiesis, Louisa M. Lobigs, Ken Sharpe, Laura A. Garvican-Lewis, Christopher J. Gore, Peter Peeling, Brian Dawson, and Yorck O. Schumacher

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Bone health assessment in older people with or without muscle health impairment, M. Locquet, C. Beaudart, Olivier Bruyère, J. A. Kanis, L. Delandsheere, and J. Y. Reginster

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Health checks for cardiometabolic diseases in primary care: one size does not fit all, Maja-Lisa Loechen

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The spectrum of neurological and white matter changes and premutation status categories of older male carriers of the FMR1 alleles are linked to genetic (CGG and FMR1 mRNA) and cellular stress (AMPK) markers, Danuta Z. Loesch, Nicholas Trost, Minh Q. Bui, Eleanor Hammersley, Sui T. Lay, Sarah J. Annesley, Oana Sanislav, Claire Y. Allan, Flora Tassone, Zhi-Ping Chen, Kevin R. W. Ngoei, Bruce E. Kemp, David Francis, Paul R. Fisher, and Elsdon Storey

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Personal and neighbourhood indicators of quality of urban life: a case study of Hong Kong, Chien T. Low, Robert Stimson, Si Chen, Ester Cerin, Paulina P. Wong, and Poh-chin Lai

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Patient experiences of web-based cognitive behavioral therapy for heart failure and depression: Qualitative Study, Johan Lundgren, Peter Johansson, Tiny Jaarsma, Gerhard Andersson, and Anita Kärner Köhler

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Heart failure with mid-range ejection fraction in CHARM: characteristics, outcomes and effect of candesartan across the entire ejection fraction spectrum, Lars H. Lund, Brian L. Claggett, Jiankang Liu, Carolyn S. Lam, Pardeep Jhund, Giuseppe Rosano, Karl Sweberg, Salim Yusuf, Christopher B. Granger, Marc A. Pfeffer, John McMurray, and Scott Solomon

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The dynamics of self-care in the course of heart failure management: Data from the IN TOUCH study, Edita Lycholip, Ina Thon Aamodt, Irene Lie, Toma Šimbelytė, Roma Puronaitė, Hans Hillege, Arjen de Vries, Imke Kraai, Anna Stromberg, Tiny Jaarsma, and Jelena Čelutkienė

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The virtual special section of active transport papers from the 2017 active living research conference, Rodney Lyn and Jim Sallis

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Randomized trial comparing proactive, high-dose versus reactive, low-dose intravenous iron supplementation in hemodialysis (PIVOTAL): study design and baseline data, Iain C. MacDougall, Claire White, Stefan D. Anker, Sunil Bhandari, Kenneth Farrington, Philip A. Kalra, John McMurray, Hear Murray, Retha Steenkamp, Charles R. V. Tomson, D. C. Wheeler, Christopher G. Winearls, and Ian Ford

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Metformin inhibits gluconeogenesis via a redox-dependent mechanism in vivo, Anila K. Madiraju, Yang Qiu, Rachel J. Perry, Yasmeen Rahimi, Xian-Man Zhang, Dongyan Zhang, João-Paulo G. Camporez, Gary W. Cline, Gina M. Butrico, Bruce Kemp, Gregori Casals, Gregory R. Steinberg, Daniel F. Vatner, Kitt F. Petersen, and Gerald I. Shulman

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Human Early Life Exposome (HELIX) study: A European population-based exposome cohort, Lea Maitre, Jeroen De Bont, Maribel Casas, Oliver Robinson, Gunn Marit Aasvang, Lydiane Agier, Sandra Andrusaityte, Ferran Ballester, Xavier Basagana, Eva Borras, Celine Brochot, Mariona Bustamante, Angel Carracedo, Montserrat de Castro, Audrius Dedele, David Donaire Gonzalez, Xavier Estivill, Jorunn Evandt, Serena Fossati, Lise Giorgis-Allemand, Juan R. Gonzalez, Berit Granum, Regina Grazuleviciene, Kristine B. Gutzkow, Line Smastuen Haug, Carles Hernandez-Ferrer, Barbara Heude, Jesus Ibarluzea, Jordi Julvez, Mrianna Karachaliou, Hector C. Keun, Norun Hjertager Krog, Chung-Ho E. Lau, Vasiliki Leventakou, Sarah Lyon-Caen, Cynthia Manzano, Dan Mason, R. R. C. McEachan, Helle M. Meltzer, Inga Petraviciene, Joane Quentin, Theano Roumeliotaki, Eduard Sabido, Pierre-Jean Saulnier, Alexandros P. Siskos, Valerie Siroux, Jordi Sunyer, Ibon Tamayo, Jose Urquiza, Marina Vafeiadi, Diana van Gent, Marta Vives-Usano, Dagmar Waiblinger, Charline Warembourg, Leda Chatzi, Muireann Coen, Peter van den Hazel, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Rémy Slama, Cathrine Thomsen, John Wright, and Martine Vrijheid

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Nutritional status and nutritional treatment are related to outcomes and mortality in older adults with hip fracture, Vincenzo Malafarina, J. Y. Reginster, Sonia Cabrerizo, Olivier Bruyère, John A. Kanis, J. Alfredo Martinez, and M. Angeles Zulet

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In which patients does lumbar spine trabecular bone score (TBS) have the largest effect?, Patrick Martineau, William D. Leslie, Helena Johansson, Nicholas C. Harvey, Eugene McCloskey, Didier Hans, and John A. Kanis

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mTORC1 plays an important role in osteoblastic regulation of B-lymphopoiesis, Sally K. Martin, Stephen Fitter, Nadia El Khawanky, Randall H. Grose, Carl Walkley, Louise E. Purton, Markus A. Ruegg, Michael N. Hall, Stan Gronthos, and Andrew C. W. Zannettino

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Economic evaluation of a nurse-led home and clinic-based secondary prevention programme to prevent progressive cardiac dysfunction in high-risk individuals: the nurse-led intervention for less chronic heart failure (nil-chf) randomized controlled study, Shoku Maru, Joshua Byrnes, Melinda Carrington, Kai Chan, Simon Stewart, and Paul Scuffham

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Indications and practical approach to non-invasive ventilation in acute heart failure, J. Masip, W. F. Peacock, Susanna Price, Louise Cullen, Francisco J. Martín-Sánchez, Petar Seferovic, Alan Maisel, Òscar Miró, Gerasimos Filippatos, Christiaan Vrints, M. Christ, Martin R. Cowie, Elke Platz, John McMurray, S. DiSomma, Uwe Zeymer, Hector Bueno, Chris Gale, Maddalena Lettino, Mucio Tavares, Frank Ruschitzka, Alexandre Mebazaa, Veli-Pekka Harjola, and Christian Mueller

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A systematic review and integration of concept analyses of self-care and related concepts, Maria Matarese, Marzia Lommi, Maria Grazia De Marinis, and Barbara Riegel

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A systematic review of biological mechanisms of fatigue in chronic illness, Lea Ann Matura, Susan Malone, Rosario Jaime-Lara, and Barbara Riegel

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IOC Consensus Statement: Dietary Supplements and the High-Performance Athlete, Ronald J. Maughan, Louise Burke, Jiri Dvorak, D. E. Larson-Meyer, Peter Peeling, Stuart M. Phillips, Eric S. Rawson, Neil P. Walsh, Ina Garthe, Hans Geyer, Romain Meeusen, Luc Van Loon, Susan M. Shirreffs, Lawrence L. Spriet, Mark Stuart, Alan Vernec, Kevin Currell, Vidya M. Ali, Richard Budgett, Arne Ljunggvist, Margo Mountjoy, Yannis P. Pitsiladis, Torbjorn Soligard, Ugur Erdener, and Lars Engebretsen

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IOC consensus statement: dietary supplements and the high-performance athlete0306, Ronald J. Maughan, Louise Burke, Jiri Dvorak, D. E. Larson-Meyer, Peter Peeling, Stuart M. Phillips, Eric S. Rawson, Neil P. Walsh, Ina Garthe, Hans Geyer, Romain Meeusen, Luc Van Loon, Susan M. Shirreffs, Lawrence L. Spriet, Mark Stuart, Alan Vernec, Kevin Currell, Vidya M. Ali, Richard Budgett, Arne Ljunggvist, Margo Mountjoy, Yannis P. Pitsiladis, Torbjorn Soligard, Ugur Erdener, and Lars Engebretsen

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Incidence of hospitalisation for heart failure and case-fatality among 3.25 million people with and without diabetes, David A. McAllister, Stephanie H. Read, Jan Kerssens, Shona Livingstone, Stuart McGurnaghan, Pardeep Jhund, John Petrie, Naveed Sattar, Colin Fischbacher, Soren Lund Kristensen, John McMurray, Helen M. Colhoun, and Sarah H. Wild

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Incidence of hospitalisation for heart failure and case-fatality among 3.25 million people with and without diabetes [accepted manuscript], David A. McAllister, Stephanie H. Read, Jan Kerssens, Shona Livingstone, Stuart McGurnaghan, Pardeep Jhund, John Petrie, Naveed Sattar, Colin Fischbacher, Soren Lund Kristensen, John McMurray, Helen M. Colhoun, and Sarah H. Wild

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Management of patients with high baseline hip fracture risk by FRAX reduces hip fractures—a post hoc analysis of the scoop study, Eugene McCloskey, Helena Johansson, Nicholas C. Harvey, L. Shepstone, E. Lenaghan, Ric Fordham, I. Harvey, Amanda Howe, Cyrus Cooper, Shane Clarke, Neil Gittoes, A. Heawood, R. Holland, Tarnya Marshall, T. W. O'Neill, T. J. Peters, Niamh Redmond, David Torgerson, and John A. Kanis

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Assessment of fracture risk, Eugene McCloskey, William D. Leslie, and John Kanis

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Romosozumab for the treatment of osteoporosis, Michael McClung

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Effects of 24 months of treatment with romosozumab followed by 12 months of denosumab or placebo in postmenopausal women with low bone mineral density: a randomized, double-blind, phase 2, parallel group study, Michael McClung, Jacques P. Brown, Aldolfo Diez-Perez, Heinrich Resch, John Caminis, Paul Meisner, Michael A. Bolognese, Stefan Goemaere, Henry G. Bone, Jose R. Zanchetta, Judy Maddox, Sarah Bray, and Andreas Grauer

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Drug holidays in women treated for postmenopausal osteoporosis, Michael R. McClung

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Future therapies, Michael R. McClung

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Effects of abaloparatide on bone mineral density and risk of fracture in postmenopausal women aged 80 years or older with osteoporosis, Michael R. McClung, Nicholas C. Harvey, Lorraine A. Fitzpatrick, Paul D. Miller, Gary Hattersley, Yamei Wang, and Felicia Cosman

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Osteoporosis: An overview, Michael R. McClung, Paul Miller, and Socrates E. Papapoulos

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Geography of fracture incidence in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis treated with abaloparatide, Michael McClung, Gregory C. Williams, Gary Hattersley, Lorraine A. Fitzpatrick, Yamei Wang, and Paul Miller

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Availability, use of, and satisfaction with green space, and children's mental wellbeing at age 4 years in a multicultural, deprived, urban area: Results from the Born in Bradford cohort study, Rosemary R. C. McEachan, Tiffany C. Yang, Hannah Roberts, Kate E. Pickett, Diana Arseneau-Powell, Christopher J. Gidlow, John Wright, and Mark Nieuwenhuijsen

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Imaging individual differences in the response of the human suprachiasmatic area to light, Elise M. McGlashan, Govinda R. Poudel, Parisa Vidafar, Sean P. A. Drummond, and Sean W. Cain

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Cost-effectiveness of sacubitril/valsartan in the treatment of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, John McMurray, David Trueman, Elizabeth Hancock, Martin R. Cowie, Andrew Briggs, Mathew Taylor, Juliet Mumby-Croft, Fionn Woodcock, Michael Lacey, Rola Haroun, and Celine Deschaseaux

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Life-course genome-wide association study meta-analysis of total body BMD and assessment of age-specific effects, Carolina Medina-Gómez, John P. Kemp, Katerina Trajanoska, Jian'an Luan, Alessandra Chesi, Tarunveer S. Ahluwalia, Dennis O. Mook-Kanamori, Annelies C. Ham, Fernando P. Hartwig, Daniel S. Evans, Raimo Joro, Ivana Nedeljkovic, Hou-Feng Zheng, Kun Zhu, Mustafa Atalay, Ching-Ti Liu, Maria Nethander, Linda Broer, Gudmar Porleifsson, Benjamin H. Mullin, Samuel K. Handelman, Mike A. Nalls, Leon E. Jessen, Denise H. M. Heppe, J. Brent Richards, Carol Wang, Bo Chawes, Katharina E. Schraut, Najaf Amin, Nick Wareham, David Karasik, Nathalie Van der Velde, M. Arfan Ikram, Babette S. Zemel, Yanhua Zhou, Christian J. Carlsson, Yongmei Liu, Fiona E. McGuigan, Cindy G. Boer, Klaus Bønnelykke, Stuart H. Ralston, John A. Robbins, John P. Walsh, M. Carola Zillikens, Claudia Langenberg, Ruifang Li-Gao, Frances M. K. Williams, Tamara B. Harris, Kristina Akesson, Rebecca D. Jackson, Gunnar Sigurdsson, Martin den Heijer, Bram C. J. van der Eerden, Jeroen van de Peppel, Timothy D. Spector, Craig Pennell, Bernardo L. Horta, Janine F. Felix, Jing Hua Zhao, Scott G. Wilson, Renée de Mutsert, Hans Bisgaard, Unnur Styrkársdóttir, Vincent W. Jaddoe, Eric Orwoll, Timo A. Lakka, Robert Scott, Struan F. A. Grant, Mattias Lorentzon, Cornelia M. van Duijn, James F. Wilson, Kari Stefansson, Bruce M. Psaty, Douglas P. Kiel, Claes Ohlsson, Evangelia Ntzani, Andre J. van Wijnen, Vincenzo Forgetta, Mohsen Ghanbari, John G. Logan, Graham R. Williams, J. H. Duncan Bassett, Peter I. Croucher, Evangelos Evangelou, Andre G. Uitterlinden, Cheryl L. Ackert-Bicknell, Jonathan H. Tobias, David M. Evans, and Fernando Rivadeneira

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Ethnicity, length of residence, and prospective trends in body mass index in a national sample of Australian adults (2006-2014), Karen Menigoz, Andrea Nathan, Kristiann C. Heesch, and Gavin Turrell

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Neighbourhood disadvantage, geographic remoteness and body mass index among immigrants to Australia: a national cohort study 2006-2014, Karen Menigoz, Andrea Nathan, Kristiann C. Heesch, and Gavin Turrell

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Trials with patient-reported outcomes registered on the Australian New Zealand clinical trials registry (ANZCTR), Rebecca Mercieca-Bebber, Douglas Williams, Margaret-Ann Tait, Jessica Roydhouse, Lucy Busija, Chindhu S. Sundaram, Michelle Wilson, Ailsa Langford, Claudia Rutherford, Natasha Roberts, Madeleine King, Elisabeth Vodicka, and Beth Devine

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Improving the predictions of computational models of convection-enhanced drug delivery by accounting for diffusion non-gaussianity, Eirini Messaritaki, Suryanarayana Umesh Rudrapatna, Greg D. Parker, William P. Gray, and Derek K. Jones

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When, where, and what? Characterizing personal PM2.5 exposure in periurban India by integrating GPS, wearable camera, and ambient and personal monitoring data, Carles Milà, Maëlle Salmon, Margaux Sanchez, Albert Ambrós, Santhi Bhogadi, V. Sreekanth, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, Sanjay Kinra, Julian D. Marshall, and Cathryn Tonne

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Evaluation of missing value methods for predicting ambient BTEX concentrations in two neighbouring cities in Southwestern Ontario Canada, Lindsay Miller, Xiaohong Xu, Amanda Wheeler, Tianchu Zhang, Mariam Hamadani, and Unam Ejaz

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Organization of dietary control for nutrition-training intervention involving periodized carbohydrate availability and ketogenic low-carbohydrate high-fat diet, Joanne G. Mirtschin, Sara F. Forbes, Louise E. Cato, Ida A. Heikura, Nicki Strobel, Rebecca Hall, and Louise M. Burke

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Adar3 is involved in learning and memory in mice, Dessislava Mladenova, Guy Barry, Lyndsey M. Konen, Sandy S. Pineda, Boris Guennewig, Lotta Avesson, Raphael Zinn, Nicole Schonrock, Maina Bitar, Nicky Jonkhout, Lauren Crumlish, Dominik C. Kaczorowski, Andrew Gong, Mark Pinese, Gloria R. Franco, Carl R. Walkley, Bryce Vissel, and John S. Mattick

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The Pan-African Society of Cardiology position paper on reproductive healthcare for women with rheumatic heart disease, Ana O. Mocumbi, Keila K. F. Jamal, Amam Mbakwem, Maylene Shung-King, and Karen Sliwa

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Effect of sacubitril/valsartan on recurrent events in the prospective comparison of ARNI with ACEI to determine impact on global mortality and morbidity in heart failure trial (PARADIGM-HF), Ulrik M. Mogensen, Jianjian Gong, Pardeep Jhund, Li Shen, Lars Kober, Akshay S. Desai, Martin P. Lefkowitz, Milton Packer, Jean L. Rouleau, Scott Solomon, Brian L. Claggett, Karl Sweberg, Michael R. Zile, Guenr Mueller-Velten, and John McMurray

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A diffusion model-free framework with echo time dependence for free-water elimination and brain tissue microstructure characterization, Miguel Molina-Romero, Pedro A. Gómez, Jonathan I. Sperl, Michael Czisch, Philipp G. Sämann, Derek K. Jones, Marion I. Menzel, and Bjoern H. Menze

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Sodium nitrate supplementation alters mitochondrial H2O2 emission but does not improve mitochondrial oxidative metabolism in the heart of healthy rats, Cynthia Monaco, Paula M. Miotto, Jason S. Huber, Luc Van Loon, Jeremy A. Simpson, and Graham P. Holloway

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The burden and nature of malnutrition among patients in regional hospital settings: a cross-sectional survey, Natasha F. Morris, Simon Stewart, Malcolm D. Riley, and Graeme Maguire

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The ambiguity of physical activity, exercise and atrial fibrillation, Bente Morseth, Maja-Lisa Loechen, Inger Ariansen, Marius Myrstad, and Dag S. Thelle

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International Olympic Committee (IOC) consensus statement on relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S): 2018 update, Margo Mountjoy, J. Sundgot-Borgen, Louise Burke, Kathryn E. Ackerman, Cheri Blauwet, Naama Constantini, Constance Lebrun, Bronwen Lundy, Anna Melin, Nanna L. Meyer, Roberta T. Sherman, Adam S. Tenforde, Monica Klungland Torstveit, and Richard Budgett

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IOC consensus statement on relative energy deficiency in sport (RED-S): 2018 update, Margo Mountjoy, J. Sundgot-Borgen, Louise Burke, Kathryn E. Ackerman, Cheri Blauwet, Naama Constantini, Constance Lebrun, Bronwen Lundy, Anna Melin, Nanna L. Meyer, Roberta T. Sherman, Adam S. Tenforde, Monica Klungland Torstveit, and Richard Budgett

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The associations between psychological distress and healthcare use in patients with non-cardiac chest pain: Does a history of cardiac disease matter?, Ghassan Mourad, Tiny Jaarsma, Anna Stromberg, Erland Svensson, and Peter Johansson

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Socioeconomic inequalities in urban and transport planning related exposures and mortality: a health impact assessment study for Bradford, UK, Natalie Mueller, David Rojas-Rueda, Haneen Khreis, Marta Cirach, Carles Mila, Ana Espinosa, Maria Foraster, R. R. C. McEachan, Brian Kelly, John Wright, and Mark Nieuwenhuijsen

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Health impact assessment of cycling network expansions in European cities, Natalie Mueller, David Rojas-Rueda, Maëlle Salmon, David Martínez, Albert Ambros, Christian Brand, Audrey De Nazelle, Evi Dons, Mailin Gaupp-Berghausen, Regine Gerike, Thomas Götschi, Francesco Lacorossi, Luc Int Panis, Sonja Kahlmeier, Elisabeth Raser, and Mark Nieuwenhuijsen

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An integrated, multifactorial approach to periodization for optimal performance in individual and team sports, Iñigo Mujika, Shona Halson, Louise M. Burke, Gloria Balagué, and Damian Farrow

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Stand More AT Work (SMArt Work): using the behaviour change wheel to evelop an intervention to reduce sitting time in the workplace, Fehmidah Munir, Stuart J.H. Biddle, Melanie J. Davies, David Dunstan, David Esliger, Laura J. Gray, Ben Jackson, Sophie E. O'Connell, Thomas Yates, and Charlotte Edwardson

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Effect of resistance training and protein intake pattern on myofibrillar protein synthesis and proteome kinetics in older men in energy restriction, Caoileann Murphy, Mahalakshmi Shankaran, T. A. Churchward-Venne, Cameron J. Mitchell, Nathan M. Kolar, Louise Burke, John Hawley, Amira Kassis, Leonidas G. Karagounis, Kelvin Li, Chelsea King, Marc Hellerstein, and S. M. Phillips

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Local food environments, suburban development, and BMI: a mixed methods study, Maureen Murphy, Hannah Badland, Helen Jordan, Javad Koohsari, and Billie Giles-Corti

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The CHARMS pilot study: A multi-method assessment of the feasibility of a sexual counselling implementation intervention in cardiac rehabilitation in Ireland, Patrick J. Murphy, Chris Noone, Maureen D'Eath, Dympna Casey, Sally Doherty, Tiny Jaarsma, Andrew W. Murphy, Martin O'Donnell, Noeleen Fallon, Paddy Gillespie, Amirhossein Jalali, Jenny McSharry, John Newell, Elaine Toomey, Elaine E. Steinke, and Molly Byrne

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No evidence of direct association between GLUT4 and glycogen in human skeletal muscle, Robyn M. Murphy, Marcelo Flores-Opazo, Barnaby P. Frankish, Andrew Garnham, David Stapleton, and Mark Hargreaves

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ADAR1-mediated RNA editing is required for thymic self-tolerance and inhibition of autoimmunity, Taisuke Nakahama, Yuki Kato, Jung In Kim, Tuangtong Vongpipatana, Yutaka Suzuki, Carl R. Walkley, and Yukio Kawahara

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Structural determinants for small-molecule activation of skeletal muscle AMPK α2β2γ1 by the glucose importagog sc4, Kevin R.W. Ngoei, Christopher G. Langendorf, Naomi Ling, Ashfaqul Hoque, Swapna Johnson, Michelle C. Camerino, Scott R. Walker, Ylva E. Bozikis, Toby A. Dite, Ashley J. Ovens, William Smiles, Roxane Jacobs, He Huang, Michael W. Parker, John W. Scott, Mark H. Rider, Richard C. Foitzik, Bruce Kemp, Jonathan B. Baell, and Jonathan S. Oakhill

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Genome-wide study of atrial fibrillation identifies seven risk loci and highlights biological pathways and regulatory elements involved in cardiac development, Jonas B. Nielsen, Lars G. Fritsche, Wei Zhou, Tanya M. Teslovich, Oddgeir L. Holmen, Stefan Gustafsson, Maiken E. Gabrielsen, Ellen Schmidt, Robin N. Beaumont, Brooke N. B. Wolford, Maoxuan Lin, Chad M. Brummett, H. Preuss, Lena Refsgaard, Erwin P. Bottinger, Sarah E. Graham, Ida Surakka, Yunhan Chu, Anne H. Skogholt, Havard Dalen, Alan P. Boyle, Hakan Oral, Todd J. Herron, Jacob O. Kitzman, Jose Jalife, Jesper H. Svendsen, Morten S. Olesen, Inger Njolstad, Maja-Lisa Loechen, Aris Baras, Omri Gottesman, Anthony Marcketta, Colm T. O'Dushlaine, Marylyn D. Ritchie, Tom Wilsgaard, Ruth J. F. Loos, T. M. Frayling, Michael Boehnke, E. Ingelsson, David J. Carey, Frederick E. Dewey, Hyun M. Kang, and Goncalo R. Abecasis

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Skeletal muscle fiber characteristics in patients with chronic heart failure: Impact of disease severity and relation with muscle oxygenation during exercise, Victor M. Niemeijer, Tim Snijders, Lex B. Verdijk, Janneau Van Kranenburg, Bart B.L. Groen, Andrew M. Holwerda, Ruud F. Spee, Pieter F. F. Wijn, Luc van Loon, and Hareld M.C. Kemps

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Influence of urban and transport planning and the city environment on cardiovascular disease, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen

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Air pollution, noise, blue space, and green space and premature mortality in Barcelona: a mega cohort, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Mireia Gascon, David Martinez, Anna Ponjoan, Jordi Blanch, Maria del Mar Garcia-Gil, Rafael Ramos, Maria Foraster, Natalie Mueller, Ana Espinosa, Marta Cirach, Haneen Khreis, Payam Dadvand, and Xavier Basagaña

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Lactobacillus reuteri reduces bone loss in older women with low bone mineral density: A randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, clinical trial, A. G. Nilsson, D. Sundh, F. Bäckhed, and Mattias Lorentzon

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Salt intake and dietary sources of salt on weekdays and weekend days in Australian adults, Caryl Nowson, Karen Lim, Mary-Ann Land, Jacqui Webster, Jonathan E. Shaw, John Chalmers, Victoria Flood, Mark Woodward, and Carley A. Grimes

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Residential proximity to green spaces and breast cancer risk: the multicase-control study in Spain (MCC-Spain), Cristina O'Callaghan-Gordo, Manolis Kogevinas, Marta Cirach, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Nuria Aragonés, Josu Delfrade, Tania Fernández-Villa, Pilar Amiano, Trinidad Dierssen-Sotos, Adonina Tardón, Rocio Capelo, Rosana Peiró-Perez, Víctor Moreno, Aina Roca-Barceló, Beatriz Perez-Gomez, Juana Vidan, Antonio José Molina, Madalen Oribe, Esther Gracia-Lavedan, Ana Espinosa, A. Valentín, Marina Pollan, and Mark Nieuwenhuijsen

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Serum DHEA and Its Sulfate Are Associated With Incident Fall Risk in Older Men: The MrOS Sweden study, Claes Ohlsson, Maria Nethander, Magnus K. Karlsson, Björn E. Rosengren, Eva Ribom, Dan Mellström, and Liesbeth Vandenput

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Electrocardiographic unrecognized myocardial infarction does not improve prediction of cardiovascular events beyond traditional risk factors. The Tromso Study, Andrea Milde Øhrn, Henrik Schirmer, Inger Njølstad, Ellisiv B. Mathiesen, Anne E. Eggen, Maja-Lisa Lochen, Tom Wilsgaard, and Haakon Lindekleiv

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Small and large vessel disease in persons with unrecognized compared to recognized myocardial infarction: The Tromsø Study 2007–2008, Andrea M. Ohrn, Henrik Schirmer, Therese von Hanno, Ellisiv B. Mathiesen, Kjell A. Arntzen, Geir Bertelsen, Inger Njolstad, Maja-Lisa Loechen, Tom Wilsgaard, C. N. B. Merz, and H. Lindekleiv

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Rationale and design of the comparison of 3 combination therapies in lowering blood pressure in black Africans (CREOLE study): 2 x 3 factorial randomized single-blind multicenter trial, Dike Ojji, Neil R. Poulter, Albertino Damasceno, Karen Sliwa-Hahnle, Wynand Smythe, Nicky Kramer, Motasim Badri, Veronica Francis, Akinyemi Aje, Felix Barasa, Anastase Dzudie, Erika Jones, Shehu S. Kana, Pindile Mntla, Charles Mondo, Okechukwu Ogah, Elijah Ogola, G. Ogunbanjo, Ikechi Okpechi, Gabriel Shedul, Mahmoud U. Sani, Grace Shedul, and Bongani Mayosi

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Independent Prognostic Value of Serum Soluble ST2 Measurements in Patients With Heart Failure and a Reduced Ejection Fraction in the PARADIGM-HF Trial (Prospective Comparison of ARNI With ACEI to Determine Impact on Global Mortality and Morbidity in Heart Failure), Eileen O'Meara, Margaret F. Prescott, Brian Claggett, Jean L. Rouleau, Lu-May Chiang, Scott D. Solomon, Milton Packer, John J. V. McMurray, and Michael R. Zile

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Health impacts of bike sharing systems in Europe, I. Otero, Mark Nieuwenhuijsen, and David Rojas-Rueda

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Associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' objectively-assessed sedentary time: IPEN adult multi-country study, Neville Owen, Takemi Sugiyama, Mohammad Javad Koohsari, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Nyssa Hadgraft, Adewale Oyeyemi, Ines Aguinaga-Ontoso, Josef Mitáš, Jens Troelsen, Rachel Davey, Grant Schofield, Kelli L. Cain, Olga L. Sarmiento, Rodrigo Reis, Deborah Salvo, Duncan J. Macfarlane, James F. Sallis, and Ester Cerin

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Effect of neprilysin inhibition on renal function in patients with type 2 diabetes and chronic heart failure who are receiving target doses of inhibitors of the renin-angiotensin system: A secondary anaylisis of the PARADIGM-HF trial, Milton Packer, Brian Claggett, Martin P. Lefkowitz, John J. V. McMurray, Jean L. Rouleau, Scott D. Solomon, and Michael R. Zile

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Trajectories of self-care confidence and maintenance in adults with heart failure: a latent class growth analysis, Luca Pancani, Davide Ausili, Andrea Greco, Ercole Vellone, and Barbara Riegel

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Effects of providing high-fat versus high-carbohydrate meals on daily and postprandial physical activity and glucose patterns: a randomised controlled trial, Evelyn Parr, Brooke Devlin, Marcus J. Callahan, Bridget Radford, Jennifer M. Blankenship, David Dunstan, and John Hawley

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Impact of first meal size during prolonged sitting on postprandial glycaemia in individuals with prediabetes: a randomised, crossover study, Evelyn Parr, Brooke Devlin, Samuel Pinto, David Dunstan, and John Hawley

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Is there an association between ambient air pollution and bladder cancer incidence? Analysis of 15 European cohorts, Marie Pedersen, Massimo Stafoggia, Gudrun Weinmayr, Zorana Jovanovic Andersen, Claudia Galassi, Johan Sommar, Bertil Forsberg, David Olsson, Bente Oftedal, Norun Hjertager Krog, Geir Aamodt, Andrei Pyko, Göran Pershagen, Michal Korek, Ulf De Faire, Nancy L. Pedersen, Claes-Göran Östenson, Laura Fratiglioni, Mette Sørensen, Kirsten Thorup Eriksen, Anne Tjønneland, Petra H. Peeters, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Roel Vermeulen, Marloes Eeftens, Michelle Plusquin, Timothy J. Key, Andrea Jaensch, Gabriele Nagel, Hans Concin, Meng Wang, Ming-Yi Tsai, Sara Grioni, Alessandro Marcon, Vittorio Krogh, Fulvio Ricceri, Carlotta Sacerdote, Andrea Ranzi, Giulia Cesaroni, Francesco Forastiere, Ibon Tamayo, Pilar Amiano, Miren Dorronsoro, Leslie T. Stayner, Manolis Kogevinas, Mark J. Nieuwenhuijsen, Ranjeet Sokhi, Kees de Hoogh, Rob Beelen, Paolo Vineis, Bert Brunekreef, Gerard Hoek, and Ole Raaschou-Nielsen

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Evidence-based supplements for the enhancement of athletic performance, Peter Peeling, Martyn J. Binnie, Paul S. R. Goods, Marc Sim, and Louise M. Burke

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Sociodemographic moderators of environment-physical activity associations: Results from the international prevalence study, Lilian G. Perez, Terry Conway, Adrian Bauman, Jacqueline Kerr, John Elder, Elva M. Arredondo, and Jim Sallis

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Perceived neighborhood environmental factors that maximize the effectiveness of a multilevel intervention promoting physical activity among Latinas, Lilian G. Perez, Jacqueline Kerr, Jim Sallis, Donald J. Slymen, Thomas L. McKenzie, John Elder, and Elva M. Arredondo

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Molecular basis of exercise-induced skeletal muscle mitochondrial biogenesis: Historical advances, current knowledge, and future challenges, Christopher G. R. Perry and John Hawley

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Impact of the social and natural environment on preschool-age children weight, Inga Petraviciene, Regina Grazuleviciene, Sandra Andrusaityte, Audrius Dedele, and Mark Nieuwenhuijsen

Prevalence and prognostic importance of precipitating factors leading to heart failure hospitalization: recurrent hospitalizations and mortality, Elke Platz, Pardeep Jhund, Brian L. Claggett, Marc A. Pfeffer, Karl Sweberg, Christopher B. Granger, Salim Yusuf, Scott Solomon, and John McMurray

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Temporal evolution of neutral activity and connectivity during microsleeps when rested and following sleep restriction, Govinda Poudel, Carrie R. H. Innes, and Richard Jones

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Application of FRAX to determine the risk of osteoporotic fractures in the Ukrainian population, V. V. Povoroznyuk, Nataliia V. Grygorieva, Eugene McCloskey, Helena Johansson, and John Kanis

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Epidemiology of hip fractures in two regions of Ukraine, V. V. Povoroznyuk, N. V. Grygorieva, J. A. Kanis, E. V. McCloskey, H. Johansson, S. S. Strafun, M. O. Korzh, V. M. Vaida, F. V. Klymovytsky, V. S. Forosenko, and R. O. Vlasenko

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Cardiovascular, respiratory, and related disorders: key messages from disease control priorities, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Shuchi Anand, D. A. Watkins, Thomas A. Gaziano, Yangfeng Wu, Jean Claude Mbanya, Rachel Nugent, Vamadevan S. Ajay, Ashkan Afshin, Alma Adler, Mohammed K. Ali, Eric Bateman, Janet Bettger, Robert O. Bonow, Elizabeth Brouwer, Gene Bukhman, Fiona Bull, Peter Burney, Simon Capewell, Juliana Chan, Eeshwar K. Chandrasekar, Jie Chen, Michael H. Criqui, John Dirks, Sagar B. Dugani, Michael Engelgau, Meguid El Nahas, Caroline H. D. Fall, Valery Feigin, F. Gerald. R. Fowkes, Amanda Glassman, Shifalika Goenka, Rajeev Gupta, Babar Hasan, Fred Hersch, Frank Hu, Mark D. Huffman, Samer Jabbour, Deborah Jarvis, Panniyammakal Jeemon, Rohina Joshi, Jemima H. Kamano, Andre Pascal Kengne, Preeti Kudesia, R. Krishna Kumar, Kalyanaraman Kumaran, Estelle V. Lambert, Edward S. Lee, Chaoyun Li, Rong Luo, Matthew Magee, Vasanti S. Malik, J. Antonio Marin-Neto, Guy Marks, Bongani Mayosi, Helen McGuire, Renata Micha, J. Jaime Miranda, Pablo Aschner Montoya, Andrew E. Moran, Dariush Mozaffarian, Saraladevi Naicker, Nadraj G. Naidoo, K. M. Venkat Narayan, Irina Nikolic, Martin O'Donnell, Churchill Onen, Clive Osmond, Anushka Patel, Rogelio Perez-Padilla, Neil Poulter, Michael Pratt, Miriam Rabkin, Vikram Rajan, Anis Rassi, Anis Rassi Jr, Ishita Rawal, Giuseppe Remuzzi, Miguel Riella, Greg A. Roth, Ambuj Roy, Adolfo Rubinstein, Yuna Sakuma, Uchechukwu K. A. Sampson, Karen R. Siegel, Karen Sliwa, Marc Suhrcke, Nikhil Tandon, Bernadette Thomas, Claudia Vaca, Rajesh Vedanthan, Stéphane Verguet, Michael Webb, Mary Beth Weber, Laurie Whitsel, Gary Wong, Lijing L. Yan, Clyde W. Yancy, Ping Zhang, Dong Zhao, and Yishan Zhu

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Automobile dependence: a contributing factor to poorer health among lower-income households, Jerome N. Rachele, Takemi Sugiyama, Gavin Turrell, Aislinn Healy, and Jim Sallis

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Epidemiology of hip fracture in Belarus: development of a country-specific FRAX model and its comparison to neighboring country models, H. Ramanau, I. Chernyanin, E. Rudenka, Olga Lesnyak, A. Zakroyeva, John P. Bilezikian, Helena Johansson, Nicholas C. Harvey, Eugene McCloskey, and John A. Kanis

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Advances and unmet needs in the therapeutics of bone fragility, S. K. Ramchand and Ego Seeman