The Institute for Positive Psychology & Education (IPPE) brings together the world’s leading researchers and theorists to conduct rigorous, multi-disciplinary research to:

  • address critical educational and psychosocial issues
  • translate theory and research into effective policy and practice, and
  • demonstrate how people can not just succeed — but flourish and thrive.


Submissions from 2009

Dimensions of cultural differences: Pancultural, ETiC/EMiC, and ecological approaches, Lazar Stankov and Joohyung Lee

Beyond talk: Creating autonomous motivation through self-determination theory, D N. Stone, Richard Michael Ryan, and Edward L. Deci

Why fellowship? Peak professional bodies, peer recognition and credentialing in Australia, Ulrich Trautwein, Oliver Ludtke, Herbert Warren Marsh, and Gabriel Nagy

Passion et controle: Une analyse conceptuelle, Robert J. Vallerand, Genevieve L. Lavigne, and N. Carbonneau

Self-determined motivation in sport and exercise groups, Robert J. Vallerand and Martyn Standage

A multi-method examination of the effects of mindfulness on stress attribution, coping, and emotional well-being, Netta Weinstein, Kirk W. Brown, and Richard Michael Ryan

Can nature make us more caring? Effects of immersion in nature on intrinsic aspirations and generosity, Netta Weinstein, Andrew K. Przybylski, and Richard Michael Ryan

Prediction of stage transitions in fruit and vegetable intake, Amelie U. Wiedemann, Sonia Lippke, Tabea Reuter, Benjamin Schuz, Jochen P. Ziegelmann, and Karl Ralf Schwarzer

Disentangling the relation between intentions, planning, and behaviour: A moderated mediation analysis, A. U. Wiedemann, B. Schuz, F. Sniehotta, U. Scholz, and Karl Ralf Schwarzer

The impact of school suspensions: A student wellbeing issue, Geoffrey C. Williams, Christopher P. Niemiec, Heather Patrick, Richard Michael Ryan, and Edward L. Deci


Does school-wide positive behaviour system improve learning in primary schools? Preliminary findings, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Mary Mooney, Katrina L. Barker, and Brenda Dobia

Submissions from 2008

The relationship between early personality and midlife psychological well-being: Evidence from a UK birth cohort study, Rosemary A. Abbott, Tim J. Croudace, George B. Ploubidis, Diana Kuh, Marcus Richards, and Felicia A. Huppert

Executive dysfunction and its association with personality and behaviour changes in the development of Alzheimer's disease in adults with Down syndrome and mild to moderate learning disabilities, Sarah L. Ball, Anthony J. Holland, Peter Treppner, Peter C. Watson, and Felicia A. Huppert

The mental wealth of nations, John Beddington, Cary L. Cooper, John Field, Usha Goswami, Felicia A. Huppert, Rachel Jenkins, Hannah S. Jones, Tom B. L. Kirkwood, Barbara J. Sahakian, and Sandy M. Thomas

Beyond me: Mindful responses to social threat, Kirk Warren Brown, Richard Michael Ryan, J. David Creswell, and Christopher P. Niemiec

The role of passion for teaching in intrapersonal and interpersonal outcomes, Noemie Carbonneau, Robert J. Vallerand, Claude Fernet, and Frederic Guay

Ascertaining late-life depressive symptoms in Europe: An evaluation of the survey version of the EURO-D scale in 10 nations. The SHARE project, Erico Castro-Costa, Michael Dewey, Robert Stewart, Sube Banerjee, Felicia Huppert, Carlos Mendonca-Lima, Christophe Bula, Friedel Reisches, Johannes Wancata, Karen Ritchie, Magda Tsolaki, Raimundo Mateos, and Martin Prince

A CBT Practitioners Guide to ACT - How to bridge the gap between cognitive behavioral therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy, Joseph Ciarrochi and Anne Bailey

Learned social hopelessness: The role of explanatory style in predicting social support during adolescence, Joseph Ciarrochi and Patrick Charles Lionel Heaven

The link between emotion identification skills and socio-emotional functioning in early adolescence: A 1-year longitudinal study, Joseph Ciarrochi, Patrick Charles Lionel Heaven, and Sunila Supavadeeprasit

Causal modeling of self-concept, job satisfaction, and retention of nurses, Leanne S. Cowin, Maree Johnson, Rhonda Gai Craven, and Herbert Warren Marsh

Self-processes, learning, and enabling human potential, Rhonda Gai Craven

Hedonia, eudaimonia, and well-being: An introduction, Edward L. Deci and Richard Michael Ryan

Self-determination theory and the explanatory role of psychological needs in human well-being, Edward L. Deci, Richard Michael Ryan, and Maurizio Vansteenkiste

The Work Tasks Motivation Scale for Teachers (WTMST), Claude Fernet, Caroline Senecal, Frederic Guay, Herbert Warren Marsh, and Martin Dowson

Developpement d'une echelle de satisfaction des besoins fondamentaux en contexte sportif, Nicolas Gillet, Elisabeth Rosnet, and Robert J. Vallerand


The development of a multi-dimensional measure of cyber bullying, Lucy Griezel, Rhonda G. Craven, and Alexander S. Yeung

Representations of relatedness with parents and friends and autonomous academic motivation during the late adolescence-early adulthood period: Reciprocal or unidirectional effects?, Frederic Guay, Herbert Warren Marsh, Caroline Senecal, and Martin Dowson

Long-term DHEA replacement in primary adrenal insufficiency: A randomized, controlled trial, Eleanor M. Gurnell, Penelope J. Hunt, Zusanne E. Curran, Catherine L. Conway, Eleanor M. Pullenayegum, Felicia A. Huppert, Juliet E. Compston, Joseph Herbert, and V. Krishna K. Chatterjee


Thinking rugby: Using sport psychology to improve rugby performance, Ken Hodge, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, and Alex McKenzie

Burnout in elite rugby: Relationships with basic psychological needs fulfilment, Ken Hodge, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, and Johan Y.Y. Ng

Thyroid function and cognitive decline in the MRC Cognitive Function and Ageing Study, Eef Hogervorst, Felicia Huppert, Fiona E. Matthews, and Carol Brayne

Are there detrimental effects of witnessing school violence in early adolescence?, Michel Janosz, Isabelle Archambault, Linda S. Pagani, Sophie Pascal, Alexandre J.S. Morin, and François Bowen


Linking learning to community for indigenous computing courses, Cat Kutay and Janet Mooney

Enhancement and new constructs: Overview and rationale, Patrick C. Kyllonen, Lazar Stankov, and Richard D. Roberts

Passion in sport: On the quality of the coach-athlete relationship, Marc-Andre K. Lafreniere, Sophia Jowett, Robert J. Vallerand, Eric G. Donahue, and Ross Lorimer

Neighborhood deprivation, individual socioeconimic status, and cognitive function in older people: Analyses from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, Iain A. Lang, David J. Llewellyn, Kenneth M. Langa, Robert B. Wallace, Felicia A. Huppert, and David Melzer

Cognitive ability, personality, and academic performance in adolescence, Peter Leeson, Joseph Ciarrochi, and Patrick Charles Lionel Heaven

Cognitive function and psychological well-being: Findings from a population-based cohort, David J. Llewellyn, Iain A. Lang, Kenneth M. Langa, and Felicia A. Huppert

Framingham Stroke Risk Profile and poor cognitive function: A population-based study, David J. Llewellyn, Iain A. Lang, Jing Xie, Felicia A. Huppert, David Melzer, and Kenneth M. Langa

The Behavioral Regulation in Sport Questionnaire (BRSQ): Instrument development and initial validity evidence, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, Ken Hodge, and Elaine A. Rose

On the temporal and behavioural consistency of pre-performance routines: An intra-individual analysis of elite basketball players' free throw shooting accuracy, Christopher Sean Lonsdale and Jimmy T.M. Tam

The Multilevel Latent Covariate Model: A new, more reliable approach to group-level effects in contextual studies, Oliver Ludtke, Herbert Warren Marsh, Alexander Robitzsch, Ulrich Trautwein, Tihomir Asparouhov, and Bengt Muthen

A short and very short form of the physical self-inventory for adolescents: Development and factor validity, Christophe Maiano, Alexandre Morin, Gregory Ninot, Johana Monthuy-Blanc, Yannick Stephan, Jean-Francois Florent, and Philippe Vallee

Final Report: Evaluation capacity building amongst members of a clubhouse for people with mental illness, Sarah Louise Marshall

The elusive importance effect: More failure for the Jamesian perspective on the importance of importance in shaping self-esteem, Herbert Warren Marsh

Validating young children's self-concept responses: Methodological ways and means to understand their responses, Herbert Warren Marsh, Raymond Debus, and Laurel J. Bornholt

Improving the peer-review process for grant applications: Reliability, validity, bias, and generalizability, Herbert Warren Marsh, Upali W. Jayasinghe, and Nigel W. Bond

A multilevel perspective on gender in classroom motivation and climate: Potential benefits of male teachers for boys?, Herbert Warren Marsh, Andrew J. Martin, and Jacqueline H. Cheng

Reciprocal effects between academic self-concept, self-esteem, achievement, and attainment over seven adolescent years: Unidimensional and multidimensional perspectives of self-concept, Herbert Warren Marsh and Alison J. O'Mara

The Big-Fish-Little-Pond-Effect stands up to critical scrutiny: Implications for theory, methodology, and future research, Herbert Warren Marsh, Marjorie Seaton, Ulrich Trautwein, Oliver Ludtke, K. T. Hau, Alison J. O'Mara, and Rhonda Gai Craven

Social comparison and Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effects on self-concept and other self-belief constructs: Role of generalized and specific others, Herbert Warren Marsh, Ulrich Trautwein, Oliver Ludtke, and Olaf Koller

Academic buoyancy: Towards an understanding of students' everyday academic resilience, Andrew J. Martin and Herbert Warren Marsh

Workplace and academic buoyancy: Psychometric assessment and construct validity amongst school personnel and students, Andrew J. Martin and Herbert Warren Marsh

Performance and mastery orientation of high school and university/college students: A rasch perspective, Andrew J. Martin, Herbert Warren Marsh, Raymond L. Debus, and Lars-Erik Malmberg

Goal motives, well-being and physical health: A integrative model, Paule Miquelon and Robert J. Vallerand

The role of awareness and autonomy in quieting the ego: A self-determination theory perspective, Christopher P. Niemiec, Richard Michael Ryan, and Kirk Warren Brown

A handbook to flourish: A recovery-based self development program, Lindsay Gregory Oades

The association of infant feeding with parent-reported infections and hospitalisations in the West Australian Aboriginal Child Health Survey, Wendy H. Oddy, Cheryl Kickett-Tucker, John De Maio, David Lawrence, Adele Cox, Sven R. Silburn, Fiona J. Stanley, and Stephen R. Zubrick


The beyond bullying secondary program: An innovative program empowering teachers to counteract bullying in schools, Roberto H. Parada, Rhonda Gai Craven, and Herbert Warren Marsh


Personal capacity building for the human services: The roles of curriculum and individual differences in predicting self-concept in college/university students, Philip D. Parker and Andrew J. Martin


Factors predicting life satisfaction: A process model of personality, multidimensional self-concept, and life satisfaction, Philip D. Parker, Andrew J. Martin, and Herbert Warren Marsh

Social-cognitive predictors of dietary behaviors in South Korean men and women, Britta Renner, Sunkyo Kwon, Byung-Hwan Yang, Ki-Chung Paik, Seok Hyeon Kim, Sungwon Roh, Jaechul Song, and Karl Ralf Schwarzer

La Passion De Danser - Les deux cotes de la medaille, Blanka Rip, Robert J. Vallerand, and Sylvie Fortin

Extending intelligence: Conclusions and future directions, Richard D. Roberts, Lazar Stankov, Ralf Schulze, and Patrick C. Kyllonen

An examination of the relationship between passion and subjective well-being in older adults, Francois L. Rousseau and Robert J. Vallerand

Too good to last: The short but inspiring career of an autonomy-supportive english teacher, Richard Michael Ryan

From ego depletion to vitality: Theory and findings concerning the facilitation of energy available to the self, Richard Michael Ryan and Edward L. Deci

Self-determination theory and the role of basic psychological needs in personality and the organization of behavior, Richard Michael Ryan and Edward L. Deci

Living well: A self-determination theory perspective on eudaimonia, Richard Michael Ryan, Veronika Huta, and Edward L. Deci


Facilitating health behaviour change and its maintenance: Interventions based on Self-Determination Theory, Richard Michael Ryan, Heather Patrick, Edward L. Deci, and Geoffrey C. Williams

A stronger latent-variable methodology to actual-ideal discrepancy, L. Francesca Scalas and Herbert Warren Marsh

Beyond behavioural intentions: Planning mediates between intentions and physical activity, Urte Scholz, Benjamin Schuz, Jochen P. Ziegelmann, Sonia Lippke, and Karl Ralf Schwarzer

Modeling health behavior change: How to predict and modify the adoption and maintenance of health behaviors, Karl Ralf Schwarzer

Models of health behaviour change: Intention as mediator or stage as moderator?, Karl Ralf Schwarzer

Some burning issues in research on health behavior change: Response, Karl Ralf Schwarzer

Perceived teacher self-efficacy as a predictor of job stress and burnout: Mediation analyses, Karl Ralf Schwarzer and Suhair Hallum

Health action process approach: A research agenda at the Freie Universitat Berlin to examine and promote health behavior change, Karl Ralf Schwarzer, Sonia Lippke, and Jochen P. Ziegelmann


Reactive, anticipatory, preventive, and proactive coping: A theoretical distinction, Karl Ralf Schwarzer and A. Luszczynska

Social-cognitive predictors of physical exercise adherence: Three longitudinal studies in rehabilitation, Karl Ralf Schwarzer, Aleksandra Luszczynska, Jochen P. Ziegelmann, Urte Scholz, and Sonia Lippke


East meets West: An examination of the Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effect in Western and non-Western countries, Marjorie Seaton, Rhonda Gai Craven, and Herbert Warren Marsh

One fish fits all? The Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effect and individual differences in learning, Marjorie Seaton, Herbert Warren Marsh, and Rhonda Gai Craven

The stability and change of trait emotional intelligence, conflict communication patterns, and relationship satisfaction: A one-year longitudinal study, Lynne Smith, Joseph Ciarrochi, and Patrick Charles Lionel Heaven


Processes on the borderline between cognitive abilities and personality: Confidence and its realism, Lazar Stankov and Sabina Kleitman

Confidence and cognitive test performance, Lazar Stankov and Jihyun Lee


Culture: Ways of thinking and believing, Lazar Stankov and Jihyun Lee

What makes lessons interesting? The role of situational and individual factors in three school subjects, Yi-Miau Tsai, Mareike Kunter, Oliver Ludtke, Ulrich Trautwein, and Richard Michael Ryan

On the psychology of passion: In search of what makes people's lives most worth living, Robert J. Vallerand

Passion and performance attainment in sport, Robert J. Vallerand, Genevieve A. Mageau, Andrew J. Elliot, Alexandre Dumais, Marc-Andre Demers, and Francois L. Rousseau

Le modele hierarchique: Une analyse integrative des determinants et consequences de la motivation intrinseque et extrinseque, Robert J. Vallerand and Paule Miquelon

On passion and sports fans: A look at football, Robert J. Vallerand, Nikolaos Ntoumanis, Frederick L. Philippe, Genevieve L. Lavigne, Noemie Carbonneau, Arielle Bonneville-Roussy, Camille Lagace-Labonte, and Gabrielle Maliha

Reflections on self-determination theory, Robert J. Vallerand, Luc G. Pelletier, and Richard Koestner

Special issue on self-determination theory: A Canadian contribution, Robert J. Vallerand, Luc G. Pelletier, and Richard Koestner


Aggression and non-aggression amongst six types of drivers, Evelyne Vallieres, Pierre McDuff, Robert J. Vallerand, and Jacques Bergeron


Motivation of high and low achievers in China over time, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Winnie Puiling Liu, Frances Lai-Mui-Lee, Jun Wu, Jing Dai, and Huixian Wu


Ability vs. effort: Perceptions of students from the east and from the west, Alexander Seeshing Yeung and Anton Yeung


Creative organizational climate of schools, general self-efficacy, creativity self-efficacy, and cultural efficacy of teachers, Xinfa Yi, Shushan Cai, Herbert Scheithauer, Karl Ralf Schwarzer, Liang Luo, Silin Huang, and Guang Chen

Submissions from 2007

Getting along with teachers and parents: The yields of good relationships for students' achievement motivation and self-esteem, Andrew J. Martin, Herbert Warren Marsh, Dennis M. McInerney, Jasmine Green, and Martin Dowson

Submissions from 2005

Facilitating conditions for school motivation: Construct validity and applicability, Dennis McInerney, Martin Dowson, and Alexander Seeshing Yeung

Submissions from 2001


Extension of the internal/external frame of reference model of self-concept formation: Importance of native and nonnative languages for Chinese students [accepted manuscript], Herbert W. Marsh, Chit-Kwong Kong, and Kit-Tai Hau