The Institute for Positive Psychology & Education (IPPE) brings together the world’s leading researchers and theorists to conduct rigorous, multi-disciplinary research to:

  • address critical educational and psychosocial issues
  • translate theory and research into effective policy and practice, and
  • demonstrate how people can not just succeed — but flourish and thrive.

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Submissions from 2014

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On the associations between physical activity and quality of life: Findings from an Australian nationally representative panel survey, Francisco Perales, Jose del Pozo-Cruz, Jesus del Pozo-Cruz, and Borja del Pozo Cruz

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Attribution-based treatment interventions in some achievement settings, Raymond P. Perry, Judith G. Chipperfield, Steve Hladkyj, Reinhard Pekrun, and Jeremy M. Hamm

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Competence-impeding electronic games and players' aggressive feelings, thoughts, and behaviors, Andrew K. Przybylski, Edward L. Deci, C. S. Rigby, and Richard Michael Ryan

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A psychological profile of potential youth mentor volunteers, Melanie Randle, Leonie Miller, Joseph Ciarrochi, and Sara Dolnicar

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The science of attracting foster carers, Melanie Randle, Leonie Miller, Sara Dolnicar, and Joseph Ciarrochi

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Students' classroom engagement produces longitudinal changes in classroom motivation, Johnmarshall Reeve and Woogul Lee

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The beliefs that underlie autonomy-supportive and controlling teaching: A multinational investigation, Johnmarshall Reeve, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Avi Assor, Ikhlas Ahmad, Sung Hyeon Cheon, Hyungshi Jang, Haya Kaplan, Jennifer D. Moss, Bodil Stokke Olaussen, and C. K. John Wang

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Mindfulness, interest-taking, and self-regulation: A self-determination theory perspective on the role of awareness in optimal functioning, C. Scott Rigby, Patricia P. Schultz, and Richard M. Ryan

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Differentiating functions of the lateral and medial prefrontal cortex in motor response inhibition, Achala H. Rodrigo, Stefano Di Domenico, Hasan Ayaz, Sean Gulrajani, Jaeger Lam, and Anthony C. Ruocco

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The role of emotion identification skill in the formation of male and female friendships: A longitudinal study, H. Claire Rowsell, Joseph Ciarrochi, Patrick C. L. Heaven, and Frank P. Deane

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A problem-solving task specialized for functional neuroimaging: Validation of the Scarborough adaptation of the Tower of London (S-TOL) using near-infrared spectroscopy, Anthony C. Ruocco, Achala H. Rodrigo, Jaeger Lam, Stefano Di Domenico, Bryanna Graves, and Hasan Ayaz

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Memory suppression can help people "unlearn" behavioral responses-but only for nonemotional memories, Michiko Sakaki, Christof Kuhbandner, Mara Mather, and Reinhard Pekrun

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Measuring adolescent boys' physical activity: Bout length and the influence of accelerometer epoch length, Taren Sanders, Dylan Cliff, and Christopher Lonsdale

Measuring adolescent boys' physical activity: Bout length and the influence of accelerometer epoch length, Taren Sanders, Dylan Cliff, and Christopher Lonsdale

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Evaluating model fit with ordered categorical data within a measurement invariance framework : A comparison of estimators, Daniel Sass, Thomas Schmitt, and Herbert Marsh

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Evaluating model fit with ordered categorical data within a measurement invariance framework : A comparison of estimators, Daniel Sass, Thomas Schmitt, and Herbert W. Marsh

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Why is support for Jamesian actual-ideal discrepancy model so elusive? A latent-variable approach, L. Francesca Scalas, Herbert W. Marsh, Alexandre J. S. Morin, and Benjamin Nagengast

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Importance models of the physical self: Improved methodology supports a normative-cultural importance model but not the individual importance model, L. Francesca Scalas, Alexandre Morin, Herbert Marsh, and Benjamin Nagengast

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Health motives and health behaviour self-regulation in older adults, Benjamin Schüz, Susanne Wurm, Lisa M. Warner, Julia K. Wolff, and Ralf Schwarzer

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Social integration buffers stress in New York police after the 9/11 terrorist attack, Ralf Schwarzer, R Bowler, and J Cone

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From risk perception to change of health behavior [Von der Risikowahrnehmung zur anderung des Gesundheitsverhaltens], R. Schwarzer and L. Fleig

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Negative affect improves the quality of memories: Trading capacity for precision in sensory and working memory, Philipp Spachtholz, Christof Kuhbandner, and Reinhard Pekrun

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Motivation in sport and exercise groups: A self-determination theory perspective, Martyn Standage and Robert J. Vallerand

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Whither metacognition, Lazar Stankov and S. Kleitman

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Overconfidence across world regions, Lazar Stankov and Jihyun Lee

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Quest for the best non-cognitive predictor of academic achievement, Lazar Stankov and Jihyun Lee

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Two dimensions of psychological country-level differences: Conservatism/Liberalism and Harshness/Softness, Lazar Stankov, Jihyun Lee, and Fons J. R. van de Vijver

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Confidence: The best non-cognitive predictor of academic achievement?, Lazar Stankov, Suzanne Morony, and Yim Lee

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Increasing rates of surgical treatment and preventing comorbidities may increase breast cancer survival for Aboriginal women, Rajah Supramaniam, Alison Gibberd, Anthony Dillon, David Eamon Goldsbury, and Dianne L O'Connell

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Reliability of spirometric tests during the different menstrual cycle phases in healthy women, Rafael Timon, Almudena Ramirez-Balas, Jose C. Adsuar, Borja del Pozo-Cruz, and Marcos Maynar

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Reliability of spirometric tests during the different menstrual cycle phases in healthy women, Rafael Timon, Almudena Ramirez-Balas, Jose C. Adsuar, Borja del Pozo-Cruz, and Marcos Maynar

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Testing Measurement Invariance Across Spanish and English Versions of the Physical Self-Description Questionnaire : An Application of Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling, I Tomas, Herbert Marsh, V Gonzalez-Roma, V Valls, and Benjamin Nagengast

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Volunteers supporting children with reading difficulties in schools: motives and rewards, Danielle Tracey, Samantha Hornery, Marjorie Seaton, Rhonda G. Craven, and Alexander S. Yeung

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Volunteers Supporting Children with Reading Difficulties in Schools : Motives and Rewards, Danielle Tracey, Samantha Hornery, Marjorie Seaton, Rhonda Craven, and Alexander Seeshing Yeung

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Young second language learners' competence and affective self-concept, Danielle Tracey, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, A. Katrin Arens, and Christina Ng

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Linking job demands and resources to burnout and work engagement: Does passion underlie these differential relationships?, Sarah-Genevieve Trepanier, Claude Fernet, Stephanie Austin, Jacques Forest, and Robert J. Vallerand

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How do teachers’ beliefs predict children’s interest in math from kindergarten to sixth grade?, Katja Upadyaya and Jacquelynne Eccles

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Passion for work: Determinants and outcomes, Robert J. Vallerand, Nathalie Houlfort, and Jacques Forest

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Sportspersonship, Robert J. Vallerand and Jeremie Verner-Filion

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Intentionality, anger, coping and ego-defensiveness in reactive aggressive driving, Evelyne Vallieres, Robert Vallerand, Jacques Bergeron, and Pierre McDuff

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Passion, coping, and anxiety in sport: The interplay between key motivational and self-regulatory processes, Jeremie Verner-Filion, Robert J. Vallerand, Eric G. Donahue, Elise Moreau, Annick M. Martin, and Genevieve A. Mageau

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Sources of self-efficacy for physical activity, Lisa Warner, Benjamin Schuz, Julia Wolff, Linda Parschau, Susanne Wurm, and Ralf Schwarzer

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Teachers' self-concept and valuing of learning: Relations with teaching approaches and beliefs about students, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Rhonda G. Craven, and Gurvinder Kaur

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Influences of mastery goal and perceived competence on educational outcomes, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Rhonda Craven, and Gurvinder Kaur

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Asian students in Australia: sources of the academic self, Alexander S. Yeung, Dennis M. McInerney, and Jinnat Ali

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Pre-service teachers' motivation in using digital technology, Alexander S Yeung, E Tay, C Hui, Jane Lin, and E Low

Submissions from 2013

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The relationship between nutritional status, functional capacity, and health-related quality of life in older adults with type 2 diabetes: A pilot explanatory study, Rosa M. Alfonso-Rosa, Borja del Pozo Cruz, Jesús del Pozo-Cruz, Jose del Pozo-Cruz, and Borja Sañudo

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Relationship between self-esteem and academic self-concept for German elementary and secondary school students, A. Katrin Arens, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Benjamin Nagengast, and Marcus Hasselhorn

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Motivational cognitions and behaviors for metropolitan aboriginal and non-aboriginal Australian students, Gawaian Bodkin-Andrews, Rhonda G. Craven, Philip D. Parker, Gurvinder Kaur, and Alexander S. Yeung

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Identifying the fairy dust effect for indigenous Australian students: is positive psychology truly a [Peter] Pan theory?, Gawaian Bodkin-Andrews, Nida Denson, Linda Finger, and Rhonda Craven

Effect of an office worksite-based yoga program on heart rate variability: Outcomes of a randomized controlled trial, B Cheema, A Houridis, L Busch, V Raschke-Cheema, G Melville, P Marshall, D Chang, B Machliss, Christopher Lonsdale, and Jenny Bowman

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Seeding success in indigenous Australian higher education : Indigenous Australian students' participation in higher education and potential ways forward, Rhonda Craven and Anthony Dillon

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A Comparison of Two Coaching Approaches to Enhance implementation of a Recovery-Oriented Service Model, Frank Deane, Retta Andresen, Trevor Crowe, Lindsay Oades, Joseph Ciarrochi, and Virginia Williams

The ombudsman : Do CEOs' aspirations for wealth harm stockholders?, Edward Deci and Richard Ryan

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Reanalysis of a tailored web-based exercise programme for office workers with sub-acute low back pain: Assessing the stage of change in behaviour, Borja del Pozo Cruz, Jesús del Pozo-Cruz, Jose C. Adsuar, Jose A. Parraca, and Narcis Gusi

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Musculoskeletal fitness and health-related quality of life characteristics among sedentary office workers affected by sub-acute, non-specific low back pain: A cross-sectional study, Borja del Pozo Cruz, Narcis Gusi, Jose C. Adsuar, Jesús del Pozo-Cruz, Jose A. Parraca, and M. Hernandez-Mocholí

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Clinical effects of a nine-month web-based intervention in subacute non-specific low back pain patients: A randomized controlled trial, Borja del Pozo-Cruz, Narcis Gusi, Jesús del Pozo-Cruz, Jose C. Adsuar, Miguel Hernandez-Mocholí, and Jose A. Parraca

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A primary care–based randomized controlled trial of 12-week whole-body vibration for balance improvement in type 2 diabetes mellitus, Jesús del Pozo-Cruz, Rosa M. Alfonso-Rosa, José L. Ugia, Joseph G. McVeigh, Borja del Pozo-Cruz, and Borja Sañudo

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In search of integrative processes: Basic psychological need satisfaction predicts medial prefrontal activation during decisional conflict, Stefano I. Di Domenico, Marc A. Fournier, Hasan Ayaz, and Anthony C. Ruocco

A trial of family partnership and education interventions in heart failure, S Dunbar, P Clark, C Reilly, R Gary, Andrew Smith, F McCarty, Melinda Higgins, D Grossniklaus, N Kaslow, and J Frediani

I do not need a flu shot because I lead a healthy lifestyle' : Compensatory health beliefs make vaccination less likely, A Ernsting, Ralf Schwarzer, S Lippke, and M Schneider

Relationship between health climate and affective commitment in the workplace, A Ernsting, Ralf Schwarzer, S Lippke, and M Schneider

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) for improving the lives of cancer patients : A preliminary study, D Feros, L Lane, Joseph Ciarrochi, and J Blackledge

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Promoting exercise maintenance : How interventions with booster sessions improve long-term rehabilitation outcomes, Lena Fleig, Sarah Pomp, Ralf Schwarzer, and Sonia Lippke

From intentions via planning and behavior to physical exercise habits, L Fleig, S Pomp, L Parschau, M Barz, D Lange, Ralf Schwarzer, and S Lippke

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A multidimensional model of school dropout from an 8-year longitudinal study in a general high school population, Laurier Fortin, Diane Marcotte, Thierno M. O. Diallo, Pierre Potvin, and Égide Royer

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A Brief Self-Regulatory Intervention Increases Dental Flossing in Adolescent Girls, Tim Gholami, Patrick Crookes, and Janette Curtis

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Do girls really experience more anxiety in mathematics?, Thomas Goetz, Madeleine Bieg, Oliver Ludtke, Reinhard Pekrun, and Nathan C. Hall

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Psychological mechanisms underlying doping attitudes in sport : Motivation and moral disengagement, K Hodge, E Hargreaves, David Gerrard, and Christopher Lonsdale

Flourishing Across Europe : Application of a New Conceptual Framework for Defining Well-Being, Felicia Huppert and Tak Yee So

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Self-reported mindfulness and cortisol during a shamatha meditation retreat, T Jacobs, P Shaver, E Epel, A Zanesco, S Aichele, D Bridwell, E Rosenberg, B King, K MacLean, and Baljinder Sahdra

Preparing for Physical Activity : Pedometer Acquisition as a Self-regulatory Strategy, M Koring, L Parschau, D Lange, L Fleig, N Knoll, and Ralf Schwarzer

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Affective state influences retrieval-induced forgetting for integrated knowledge, Christof Kuhbandner and Reinhard Pekrun

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Joint effects of emotion and color on memory, Christof Kuhbandner and Reinhard Pekrun

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Teaching through story mapping, Cat Kutay, Janet Mooney Professor, Lynette Riley, and Deirdre Howard-Wagner

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The psychological impact of anal cancer screening on HIV-infected men, J Landstra, Joseph Ciarrochi, F Deane, L Botes, and Roger J. Hillman

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Identifying and describing feelings and psychological flexibility predict mental health in men with HiV, Jodie M. B. Landstra, Joseph Ciarrochi, Frank P. Deane, and Richard J. Hillman

Systematic review of the effectiveness of interpersonal coach education interventions on athlete outcomes, E Langan, C Blake, and Christopher Lonsdale

Self-regulation prompts can increase fruit consumption : A one-hour randomised controlled online trial, D Lange, J Richert, M Koring, N Knoll, Ralf Schwarzer, and S Lippke

Factor structure and measurement invariance of a short measure of the big five personality traits, Olivier Laverdiere, Alexandre Morin, and France St-Hilaire

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Higher-order structure of noncognitive constructs and prediction of PISA 2003 mathematics achievement, Jihyun Lee and Lazar Stankov

Hurting You Hurts Me Too : The Psychological Costs of Complying With Ostracism, N Legate, C DeHaan, N Weinstein, and Richard Ryan

Domain Specificity Between Peer Support and Self-Concept, Kim Leung, Herbert Marsh, Rhonda Craven, See Yeung, and Adel Abduljabbar

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The Big-fish-little-pond effect and a national policy of within-school ability streaming: alternative frames of reference, Gregory Arief D. Liem, Herbert W. Marsh, Andrew J. Martin, Dennis M. McInerney, and Alexander S. Yeung

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A cluster randomized controlled trial of strategies to increase adolescents' physical activity and motivation in physical education : Results of the Motivating Active Learning in Physical Education (MALP) trial, Christopher Lonsdale, Richard Rosenkranz, Taren Sanders, Louisa Peralta, Ben Jackson, Ian Taylor, and David Lubans

A systematic review and meta-analysis of interventions designed to increase moderate-to-vigorous physical activity in school physical education lessons, Christopher Lonsdale, R Rosenkranz, L Peralta, A Bennie, Patrick Fahey, and David Lubans

Development and evaluation of the Motivation to Limit Screen-time Questionnaire (MLSQ) for adolescents, David Lubans, Christopher Lonsdale, R Plotnikoff, John Smith, K Dally, and P Morgan

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Pilot randomized controlled trial : Elastic-resistance-training and lifestyle-activity intervention for sedentary older adults, David Lubans, C Mundey, N Lubans, and Christopher Lonsdale

Testing physical activity mediators in an intervention for sedentary older adults, David Lubans, C Mundey, N Lubans, and Christopher Lonsdale

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The influence of red on impression formation in a job application context, Markus A. Maier, Andrew J. Elliot, Borah Lee, Stephanie Lichtenfeld, Petra Barchfeld, and Reinhard Pekrun

Pilates exercise or stationary cycling for chronic nonspecific low back pain : Does it matter? A randomized controlled trial with 6-month follow-up, P Marshall, Suzanne Kennedy, C Brooks, and Christopher Lonsdale

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Carers' hope, wellbeing and attitudes regarding recovery, Sarah Marshall, F Deane, T Crowe, Angela White, and David Kavanagh

Why item parcels are (almost) never appropriate : Two wrongs do not make a right-camouflaging misspecification with item parcels in CFA models, Herbert Marsh, Oliver Ludtke, Benjamin Nagengast, Alexandre Morin, and Mattias Von Davier

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Measurement invariance of big-five factors over the life span : ESEM tests of gender, age, plasticity, maturity, and la dolce vita effects, Herbert Marsh, Benjamin Nagengast, and Alexandre Morin

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Factorial, convergent, and discriminant validity of TIMSS math and science motivation measures: a comparison of arab and anglo-saxon countries, Herbert W. Marsh, Adel Abduljabbar, Maher Abu-Hilal, Alexandre Morin, Faisal Abdelfattah, Kim Chau Leung, Man Xu, Benjamin Nagengast, and Philip Parker

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Moderation, Herbert W. Marsh, Kit-Tai Hau, Zhonglin Wen, Benjamin Nagengast, and Alexandre J. S. Morin

Can security-enhancing interventions overcome psychological barriers to responsiveness in couple relationships?, Mario Mikulincer, Phillip Shaver, Baljinder Sahdra, and Naama Bar-On

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Dimensional comparison theory, J. Moller and Herbert Warren Marsh

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Exploratory structural equation modeling, Alexandre J. S. Morin, Herbert W. Marsh, and Benjamin Nagengast

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Doubly Latent Multilevel Analyses of Classroom Climate: An illustration, Alexandre Morin, Herbert W. Marsh, Benjamin Nagengast, and L. Francesca Scalas