The Institute for Positive Psychology & Education (IPPE) brings together the world’s leading researchers and theorists to conduct rigorous, multi-disciplinary research to:

  • address critical educational and psychosocial issues
  • translate theory and research into effective policy and practice, and
  • demonstrate how people can not just succeed — but flourish and thrive.


Submissions from 2009

Transmission of depressive symptoms: A study with couples undergoing assisted-reporduction treatment, Nina Knoll, Karl Ralf Schwarzer, Bettina Pfuller, and Rolf Kienle

Transmission of depressive symptoms - a study with Coules undergoing assisted-reproduction treatment, Nina Knoll, Ralf Schwarzer, B. Pfuller, and R. Kienle

La theorie de l'autodetermination et le modele hierarchique de la motivation intrinseque et extrinseque: Perspectives integratives, Marc-Andre K. Lafreniere, Robert J. Vallerand, and Noemie Carbonneau

On the costs and benefits of gaming: The role of passion, Marc-Andre K. Lafreniere, Robert J. Vallerand, Eric G. Donahue, and Genevieve L. Lavigne

Cognitive health among older adults in the United States and in England, Kenneth M. Langa, David J. Llewellyn, Iain A. Lang, David R. Weir, Robert B. Wallace, Mohammed U. Kabeto, and Felicia A. Huppert

On the dynamic relationships between contextual (or general) and situational (or state) motivation toward exercise and physical activity: A longitudinal test of the top-down and bottom-up hypothesis, Genevieve L. Lavigne, Nicolas Hauw, Robert J. Vallerand, Philippe Brunel, Celine Blanchard, Isabelle Cadorette, and Christophe Angot

Do measures of working memory predict academic proficiency better than measures of intelligence?, Kerry Lee, Madeline Lee Pe, Su Yin Ang, and Lazar Stankov

Substance abusers report being more alexithymic than others but do not show emotional processing deficits on a performance measure of alexithymia, Julie Lindsay and Joseph Ciarrochi

Self-efficacy moderates the mediation of intentions into behavior via plans, Sonia Lippke, Amelie U. Wiedemann, Jochen P. Ziegelmann, Tabea Reuter, and Karl Ralf Schwarzer

Validity of stage assessment in the adoption and maintenance of physical activity and fruit and vegetable consumption, Sonia Lippke, Jochen P. Ziegelmann, Karl Ralf Schwarzer, and Wayne F. Velicer

Athlete burnout in elite sport: A self-determination perspective, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, Ken Hodge, and Elaine A. Rose

Self-determined motivation and students' physical activity during structured physical education lessons and free choice periods, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, Catherine M. Sabiston, Thomas D. Raedeke, Amy S.C. Ha, and Raymond K.W. Sum

On being yourself in different cultures: Ideal and actual self-concept, autonomy support, and well-being in China, Russia, and the United States, Martin F. Lynch, Jennifer G. La Guardia, and Richard Michael Ryan

On the development of harmonious and obsessive passion: The role of autonomy support, activity specialization, and identification with the activity, Genevieve A. Mageau, Robert J. Vallerand, Julie Charest, Sarah-Jeanne Salvy, Nathalie Lacaille, Therese Bouffard, and Richard Koestner

Assessment of physical self-concept in adolescents with intellectual disability: Content and factor validity of the very short form of the physical self-inventory, Christophe Maiano, Jerome Begarie, Alexandre Morin, and Gregory Ninot

The body image avoidance questionnaire: Assessment of its construct validity in a community sample of french adolescents, Christophe Maiano, Alexandre J.S. Morin, Johana Monthuy-Blanc, and Jean-Marie Garbarino

Eating disorders inventory: Assessment of its construct validity in a nonclinical French sample of adolescents, Christophe Maiano, Alexandre Morin, Johana Monthuy-Blanc, Jean-Marie Garbarino, and Yannick Stephan


Mental health consumers' perceptions of receiving recovery-focused services, Sarah Louise Marshall, Lindsay G. Oades, and Trevor P. Crowe

Doubly-latent models of school contextual effects: Integrating multilevel and structural equation approaches to control measurement and sampling error, Herbert Warren Marsh, Oliver Ludtke, Alexander Robitzsch, Ulrich Trautwein, Tihomir Asparouhov, Bengt Muthen, and Benjamin Nagengast

Classical latent profile analysis of academic self-concept dimensions: Synergy of person- and variable-centered approaches to theoretical models of self-concept, Herbert Warren Marsh, Oliver Ludtke, Ulrich Trautwein, and Alexandre Morin

Exploratory structural equation modeling, integrating CFA and EFA: Application to students' evaluations of university teaching, Herbert Warren Marsh, Bengt Muthen, Tihomir Asparouhov, Oliver Ludtke, Alexander Robitzsch, Alexandre Morin, and Ulrich Trautwein

Academic resilience and academic buoyancy: Multidimensional and hierarchical conceptual framing of causes, correlates and cognate constructs, Andrew J. Martin and Herbert Warren Marsh

A meta-analytic path analysis of the internal/ external frame of reference model of academic achievement and academic self-concept, Jens Moller, Britta Pohlmann, Olaf Koller, and Herbert Warren Marsh

Multiple targets of workplace affective commitment: Factor structure and measurement invariance of the Workplace Affective Commitment Multidimensional Questionnaire, Alexandre Morin, Isabelle Madore, Julien Morizot, Jean-Sebastien Boudrias, and Michel Tremblay

Lewy body variant of alzheimer's disease: Selective neocortical loss of t-snare proteins and loss of map2 and alpha-synuclein in medial temporal lobe, E. Mukaetova-Ladinska, J. H. Xuereb, F. Garcia-Sierra, J. Hurt, H. J. Gertz, R. Hills, C. Brayne, Felicia Huppert, E. S. Paykel, M. A. McGee, R. Jakes, W. G. Honer, C. R. Harrington, and C. M. Wischik

Education and trajectories of cognitive decline over 9 years in very old people: Methods and risk analysis, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Fiona E. Matthews, Tom Dening, Felicia A. Huppert, and Carol Brayne

Autonomy, competence, and relatedness in the classroom: Applying self-determination theory to educational practice, Christopher P. Niemiec and Richard Michael Ryan

The path taken: Consequences of attaining intrinsic and extrinsic aspirations in post-college life, Christopher P. Niemiec, Richard Michael Ryan, and Edward L. Deci

Aspiring to physical health: The role of aspirations for physical health in facilitating long-term tobacco abstinence, Christopher P. Niemiec, Richard Michael Ryan, Edward L. Deci, and Geoffrey C. Williams


Coping and buoyancy in the workplace: Understanding their effects on teachers' work-related well-being and engagement, Philip D. Parker and Andrew J. Martin

Passion in referees: Examining their affective and cognitive experiences in sport situations, Frederick L. Philippe, Robert J. Vallerand, Joeline Andrianarisoa, and Philippe Brunel

Passion does make a difference in people's lives: A look at well-being in passionate and non-passionate individuals, Frederick L. Philippe, Robert J. Vallerand, and Genevieve L. Lavigne

Passion for driving and aggressive driving behavior: A look at their relationship, Frederick L. Philippe, Robert J. Vallerand, Isabelle Richer, Evelyne Vallieres, and Jacques Bergeron

The motivating role of violence in video games, Andrew K. Przybylski, Richard Michael Ryan, and C. Scott Rigby

Having to versus wanting to play: Background and consequences of harmonious versus obsessive engagement in video games, Andrew K. Przybylski, Netta Weinstein, Richard Michael Ryan, and C. Scott Rigby

A brief self-administered psychological intervention to improve well-being in patients with cancer: Results from a feasibility study, Pranathi Ramachandra, Sara Booth, Thirza Pieters, Kalliopi Vrotsou, and Felicia Huppert

The development and validation of the pictorial motivation scale in physical activity, Greg Reid, Robert J. Vallerand, Carole Poulin, and Peter Crocker

Long-term relations between intentions, planning, and exercise: A 3-year longitudinal study after orthopedic rehabilitation, Tabea Reuter, Jochen P. Ziegelmann, Sonia Lippke, and Karl Ralf Schwarzer

Verhalten und gesundheit, T. Reuter and Karl Ralf Schwarzer

The emotional and academic consequences of parental conditional regard: Comparing conditional positive regard, conditional negative regard, and autonomy support as parenting practices, Guy Roth, Avi Assor, Christopher P. Niemiec, Richard Michael Ryan, and Edward L. Deci


Promoting self-determined school engagement: Motivation, learning and well-being, Richard Michael Ryan and Edward L. Deci

Wellness as healthy functioning or wellness as happiness: The importance of eudaimonic thinking (response to the Kashdan et al. and Waterman discussion), Richard Michael Ryan and Veronika Huta

Self-determination theory in schools of education: Can an empirically supported framework also be critical and liberating?, Richard Michael Ryan and Christopher P. Niemiec

Undermining quality teaching and learning: A self-determination theory perspective on high-stakes testing, Richard Michael Ryan and Netta Weinstein


Self-determination theory and physical activity: The dynamics of motivation in development and wellness, Richard Michael Ryan, Geoffrey C. Williams, Heather Patrick, and Edward L. Deci

Planning and self-efficacy of participants in an online intervention for cessation motivated smokers [Forskningsetik i forskning som involverar barn: Etik som riskhantering och etik som Forskningspraktik], Lars Satow, Sonia Lippke, and Karl Ralf Schwarzer

Patterns of thinking in militant extremism, Gerard Saucier, Laura Geuy Akers, Seraphine Shen-Miller, Goran Knezevic, and Lazar Stankov

Predicting transitions from preintentional, intentional and actional stages of change, Benjamin Schuz, Falko F. Sniehotta, Natalie Mallach, Amelie U. Wiedemann, and Karl Ralf Schwarzer

Health psychology at the international congress of psychology in berlin, Germany, 2008, Ralf Schwarzer and J. Richert

Earning its place as a pan-human theory: Universality of the Big-Fish-Little-Pond Effect across 41 culturally and economically diverse countries, Marjorie Seaton, Herbert Warren Marsh, and Rhonda Gai Craven

Conservatism and cognitive ability, Lazar Stankov

Large-scale cross-cultural studies of cognitive and noncognitive constructs, Lazar Stankov

Realism of confidence judgments, Lazar Stankov, Jihyun Lee, and Insu Paek

Dimensions of cultural differences: Pancultural, ETiC/EMiC, and ecological approaches, Lazar Stankov and Joohyung Lee

Beyond talk: Creating autonomous motivation through self-determination theory, D N. Stone, Richard Michael Ryan, and Edward L. Deci

Why fellowship? Peak professional bodies, peer recognition and credentialing in Australia, Ulrich Trautwein, Oliver Ludtke, Herbert Warren Marsh, and Gabriel Nagy

Passion et controle: Une analyse conceptuelle, Robert J. Vallerand, Genevieve L. Lavigne, and N. Carbonneau

Self-determined motivation in sport and exercise groups, Robert J. Vallerand and Martyn Standage

A multi-method examination of the effects of mindfulness on stress attribution, coping, and emotional well-being, Netta Weinstein, Kirk W. Brown, and Richard Michael Ryan

Can nature make us more caring? Effects of immersion in nature on intrinsic aspirations and generosity, Netta Weinstein, Andrew K. Przybylski, and Richard Michael Ryan

Prediction of stage transitions in fruit and vegetable intake, Amelie U. Wiedemann, Sonia Lippke, Tabea Reuter, Benjamin Schuz, Jochen P. Ziegelmann, and Karl Ralf Schwarzer

Disentangling the relation between intentions, planning, and behaviour: A moderated mediation analysis, A. U. Wiedemann, B. Schuz, F. Sniehotta, U. Scholz, and Karl Ralf Schwarzer

The impact of school suspensions: A student wellbeing issue, Geoffrey C. Williams, Christopher P. Niemiec, Heather Patrick, Richard Michael Ryan, and Edward L. Deci


Does school-wide positive behaviour system improve learning in primary schools? Preliminary findings, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Mary Mooney, Katrina L. Barker, and Brenda Dobia

Submissions from 2008

The relationship between early personality and midlife psychological well-being: Evidence from a UK birth cohort study, Rosemary A. Abbott, Tim J. Croudace, George B. Ploubidis, Diana Kuh, Marcus Richards, and Felicia A. Huppert

Executive dysfunction and its association with personality and behaviour changes in the development of Alzheimer's disease in adults with Down syndrome and mild to moderate learning disabilities, Sarah L. Ball, Anthony J. Holland, Peter Treppner, Peter C. Watson, and Felicia A. Huppert

The mental wealth of nations, John Beddington, Cary L. Cooper, John Field, Usha Goswami, Felicia A. Huppert, Rachel Jenkins, Hannah S. Jones, Tom B. L. Kirkwood, Barbara J. Sahakian, and Sandy M. Thomas


Beyond fabrication of Australia's history: A documentation and multi-method critical analysis of Ngarabal and Biripi elders perspectives and experiences of Australian history, Fabri Blacklock

Beyond me: Mindful responses to social threat, Kirk Warren Brown, Richard Michael Ryan, J. David Creswell, and Christopher P. Niemiec

The role of passion for teaching in intrapersonal and interpersonal outcomes, Noemie Carbonneau, Robert J. Vallerand, Claude Fernet, and Frederic Guay

Ascertaining late-life depressive symptoms in Europe: An evaluation of the survey version of the EURO-D scale in 10 nations. The SHARE project, Erico Castro-Costa, Michael Dewey, Robert Stewart, Sube Banerjee, Felicia Huppert, Carlos Mendonca-Lima, Christophe Bula, Friedel Reisches, Johannes Wancata, Karen Ritchie, Magda Tsolaki, Raimundo Mateos, and Martin Prince

A CBT Practitioners Guide to ACT - How to bridge the gap between cognitive behavioral therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy, Joseph Ciarrochi and Anne Bailey

Learned social hopelessness: The role of explanatory style in predicting social support during adolescence, Joseph Ciarrochi and Patrick Charles Lionel Heaven

The link between emotion identification skills and socio-emotional functioning in early adolescence: A 1-year longitudinal study, Joseph Ciarrochi, Patrick Charles Lionel Heaven, and Sunila Supavadeeprasit

Causal modeling of self-concept, job satisfaction, and retention of nurses, Leanne S. Cowin, Maree Johnson, Rhonda Gai Craven, and Herbert Warren Marsh

Self-processes, learning, and enabling human potential, Rhonda Gai Craven


Facilitating optimal motivation and psychological well-being across life's domains, Edward L. Deci and Richard Michael Ryan

Hedonia, eudaimonia, and well-being: An introduction, Edward L. Deci and Richard Michael Ryan

Self-determination theory and the explanatory role of psychological needs in human well-being, Edward L. Deci, Richard Michael Ryan, and Maurizio Vansteenkiste

The Work Tasks Motivation Scale for Teachers (WTMST), Claude Fernet, Caroline Senecal, Frederic Guay, Herbert Warren Marsh, and Martin Dowson


Adolescent peer relations instrument: Assessment of its reliability and construct validity when used with upper primary students, Linda Finger, Alexander S. Yeung, Rhonda Craven, Roberto Parada, and Katrina Newey

Developpement d'une echelle de satisfaction des besoins fondamentaux en contexte sportif, Nicolas Gillet, Elisabeth Rosnet, and Robert J. Vallerand


The development of a multi-dimensional measure of cyber bullying, Lucy Griezel, Rhonda G. Craven, and Alexander S. Yeung

Representations of relatedness with parents and friends and autonomous academic motivation during the late adolescence-early adulthood period: Reciprocal or unidirectional effects?, Frederic Guay, Herbert Warren Marsh, Caroline Senecal, and Martin Dowson

Long-term DHEA replacement in primary adrenal insufficiency: A randomized, controlled trial, Eleanor M. Gurnell, Penelope J. Hunt, Zusanne E. Curran, Catherine L. Conway, Eleanor M. Pullenayegum, Felicia A. Huppert, Juliet E. Compston, Joseph Herbert, and V. Krishna K. Chatterjee


Thinking rugby: Using sport psychology to improve rugby performance, Ken Hodge, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, and Alex McKenzie

Burnout in elite rugby: Relationships with basic psychological needs fulfilment, Ken Hodge, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, and Johan Y.Y. Ng

Thyroid function and cognitive decline in the MRC Cognitive Function and Ageing Study, Eef Hogervorst, Felicia Huppert, Fiona E. Matthews, and Carol Brayne

Are there detrimental effects of witnessing school violence in early adolescence?, Michel Janosz, Isabelle Archambault, Linda S. Pagani, Sophie Pascal, Alexandre J.S. Morin, and François Bowen


Linking learning to community for indigenous computing courses, Cat Kutay and Janet Mooney

Enhancement and new constructs: Overview and rationale, Patrick C. Kyllonen, Lazar Stankov, and Richard D. Roberts

Passion in sport: On the quality of the coach-athlete relationship, Marc-Andre K. Lafreniere, Sophia Jowett, Robert J. Vallerand, Eric G. Donahue, and Ross Lorimer

Neighborhood deprivation, individual socioeconimic status, and cognitive function in older people: Analyses from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, Iain A. Lang, David J. Llewellyn, Kenneth M. Langa, Robert B. Wallace, Felicia A. Huppert, and David Melzer

Cognitive ability, personality, and academic performance in adolescence, Peter Leeson, Joseph Ciarrochi, and Patrick Charles Lionel Heaven

Cognitive function and psychological well-being: Findings from a population-based cohort, David J. Llewellyn, Iain A. Lang, Kenneth M. Langa, and Felicia A. Huppert

Framingham Stroke Risk Profile and poor cognitive function: A population-based study, David J. Llewellyn, Iain A. Lang, Jing Xie, Felicia A. Huppert, David Melzer, and Kenneth M. Langa

The Behavioral Regulation in Sport Questionnaire (BRSQ): Instrument development and initial validity evidence, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, Ken Hodge, and Elaine A. Rose

On the temporal and behavioural consistency of pre-performance routines: An intra-individual analysis of elite basketball players' free throw shooting accuracy, Christopher Sean Lonsdale and Jimmy T.M. Tam

The Multilevel Latent Covariate Model: A new, more reliable approach to group-level effects in contextual studies, Oliver Ludtke, Herbert Warren Marsh, Alexander Robitzsch, Ulrich Trautwein, Tihomir Asparouhov, and Bengt Muthen

A short and very short form of the physical self-inventory for adolescents: Development and factor validity, Christophe Maiano, Alexandre Morin, Gregory Ninot, Johana Monthuy-Blanc, Yannick Stephan, Jean-Francois Florent, and Philippe Vallee