The Institute for Positive Psychology & Education (IPPE) brings together the world’s leading researchers and theorists to conduct rigorous, multi-disciplinary research to:

  • address critical educational and psychosocial issues
  • translate theory and research into effective policy and practice, and
  • demonstrate how people can not just succeed — but flourish and thrive.

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Theses from 2019

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Intrinsic and extrinsic aspirations and psychological well-being: a meta-analysis and latent profile analyses of life goals, Emma Bradshaw

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A meta-analysis of techniques to promote motivation for health behaviour change from a self-determination theory perspective, Fiona B. Gillison, Peter Rouse, Martyn Standage, Simon J. Sebire, and Richard M. Ryan

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The effects of m-learning on motivation, achievement and well-being: A Self-Determination Theory approach, Lucas M. Jeno, Paul J. C. Adachi, John-Arvid Grytnes, Vigdis Vandvik, and Edward L. Deci

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General fluid/inductive reasoning battery for a high-ability population, Patrick Kyllonen, Robert Hartman, Amber Sprenger, Jonathan Weeks, Maria Bertling, Kevin McGrew, Sarah Kriz, Jonas Bertling, James Fife, and Lazar Stankov

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The murky distinction between self-concept and self-efficacy: Beware of lurking jingle-jangle fallacies [accepted manuscript], Herbert W. Marsh, Reinhard Pekrun, Philip D. Parker, Kou Murayama, Jiesi Guo, Theresa Dicke, and A. Katrin Arens

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Happy fish in little ponds: Testing a reference group model of achievement and emotion [accepted manuscript], Reinhard Pekrun, Kou Murayama, Herbert W. Marsh, Thomas Goetz, and Anne C. Frenzel

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Discrimination as a frame-of-reference effect in overlapping friendship communities of ethnically diverse youth [accepted manuscript], Baljinder K. Sahdra, Philip D. Parker, Rhonda G. Craven, Robert Brockman, E. K. Devine, J. Conigrave, and D. F. Chang

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Changes in young Europeans’ values during the Global Financial Crisis, Florencia M. Sortheix, Philip D. Parker, Clemens M. Lechner, and Shalom H. Schwartz

Submissions from 2018

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Body Image-Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-5: An abbreviation using genetic algorithms [accepted manuscript], Geetanjali Basarkod, Baljinder Sahdra, and Joseph Ciarrochi

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Associations between students’ perceptions of physical education teachers’ interpersonal styles and students’ wellness, knowledge, performance, and intentions to persist at physical activity: A self-determination theory approach, Behzad Behzadnia, Paul J. C. Adachi, Edward L. Deci, and Hasan Mohammadzadeh

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Why autonomy-supportive interventions work: Explaining the professional development of teachers’ motivating style, Sung Hyeon Cheon, Johnmarshall Reeve, Youngsun Lee, and Jae-won Lee

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A needs-supportive intervention to help PE teachers enhance students' prosocial behavior and diminish antisocial behavior, Sung Hyeon Cheon, Johnmarshall Reeve, and Nikos Ntoumanis

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The benefits of believing you can change: implicit malleability theories moderate the relationship between low self-esteem and negative outcomes, James Conigrave

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The effects of vignette scoring on reliability and validity of self-reports, M v. Davier, Hyo-Jeong Shin, Lale Khorramdel, and Lazar Stankov

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Effects of school-average achievement on individual self-concept and achievement: Unmasking phantom effects masquerading as true compositional effects [accepted manuscript], Theresa Dicke, Herbert W. Marsh, Philip D. Parker, Reinhard Pekrun, Jiesi Guo, and Ioulia Televantou

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Validating the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ-II) Using Set-ESEM: identifying psychosocial risk factors in a sample of school principals, Theresa Dicke, Herbert W. Marsh, Philip Riley, Philip D. Parker, Jiesi Guo, and Marcus Horwood

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A longitudinal study of teachers' occupational well-being: Applying the job demands-resources model, Theresa Dicke, Ferdinand Stebner, Christina Linninger, Mareike Kunter, and Detlev Leutner

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Need fulfillment and the modulation of medial prefrontal activity when judging remembered past, perceived present, and imagined future identities, Stefano D. Domenico, Marc A. Fournier, Achala H. Rodrigo, Mengxi Dong, Hasan Ayaz, and Anthony C. Ruocco

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A Critical Look at Parenting Research: An Examination and Contextualisation of Autonomy Supportive and Psychologically Controlling Parenting, Jasper J. Duineveld

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Split-week programming for secondary physical education: Inducing behavioral change for lifetime fitness, Rick Ferkel, Ray Allen, Larissa true, and Ryan Hulteen

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Using bridges made by others as scaffolding and establishing footings for those that follow: Indigenous women in the Academy, Bronwyn Fredericks and Nereda White

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Emotion transmission in the classroom revisited: A reciprocal effects model of teacher and student enjoyment, Anne C. Frenzel, Betty Becker-Kurz, Reinhard Pekrun, Thomas Goetz, and Oliver Lüdtke

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Basic psychological need satisfaction toward learning: a longitudinal test of mediation using bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling [accepted manuscript], Alex C. Garn, Alexandre J.S. Morin, and Chris Lonsdale

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Dimensional comparisons: How academic track students’ achievements are related to their expectancy and value beliefs across multiple domains [accepted manuscript], Hanna Gaspard, Allan Wigfield, Yi Jiang, Benjamin Nagengast, Ulrich Trautwein, and Herb W. Marsh

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Effects of achievement contexts on the meaning structure of emotion words, Kornelia Gentsch, Kristina Loderer, Cristina Soriano, Johnny R. J. Fontaine, Michael Eid, Reinhard Pekrun, and Klaus R. Scherer

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Cross-cultural generalizability of social and dimensional comparison effects on reading, math, and science self-concepts for primary school students using the combined PIRLS and TIMSS data [accepted manuscript], Jiesi Guo, Herbert W. Marsh, Philip D. Parker, and Theresa Dicke

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The role of the individual in the coming era of processed-based therapy [accepted manuscript], Steven C. Hayes, Stefan G. Hofmann, Corey E. Stanton, Joseph K. Carpenter, Brandon T. Sandford, Joshua E. Curtiss, and Joseph Ciarrochi

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Using bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling to test for a continuum structure of motivation, Joshua L. Howard, Marylène Gagné, Alexandre J. S. Morin, and Jacques Forest

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Envisioning a culturally imaginative educational psychology, Ronnel B. King, Dennis M. McInerney, and Riddhi J. Pitliya

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School physical activity intervention effect on adolescents' performance in mathematics, David R. Lubans, Mark R. Beauchamp, Thierno M. O. Diallo, Louisa R. Peralta, Andrew Bennie, Rhiannon L. White, Katherine Owen, and Chris Lonsdale

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School physical activity intervention effect on adolescents' performance in maths [accepted manuscript], David R. Lubans, Mark R. Beauchamp, Thierno M. O. Diallo, Louisa R. Peralta, Andrew Bennie, Rhiannon L. White, Katherine Owen, and Chris Lonsdale

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Do natural experiments of changes in neighborhood built environment impact physical activity and diet? A systematic review, Freya MacMillan, Emma S. George, Xiaoqi Feng, Dafna Merom, Andrew Bennie, Amelia Cook, Taren Sanders, Genevieve Dwyer, Bonnie Pang, Justin M. Guagliano, Gregory S. Kolt, and Thomas Astell-Burt

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Perceived weight-related victimization and physical activity outcomes among adolescents with overweight and obesity: Indirect role of perceived physical abilities and fear of enacted stigma [accepted manuscript], Christophe Maiano, Genevieve Lepage, Annie Aimé, ASPQ Team, and Alexandre J. S. Morin

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Adjustment to college and prediction of depression during post-secondary transition, Diane Marcotte, Thierno M. O. Diallo, and Marie-Laurence Paré

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What to do when scalar invariance fails: The extended alignment method for multi-group factor analysis comparison of latent means across many groups, Herbert W. Marsh, Jiesi Guo, Philip D. Parker, Benjamin Nagengast, Tihomir Asparouhov, Bengt Muthén, and Theresa Dicke

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What to do when scalar invariance fails: The extended alignment method for multi-group factor analysis comparison of latent means across many groups [accepted manuscript], Herbert W. Marsh, Jiesi Guo, Philip D. Parker, Benjamin Nagengast, T. Asparouhov, Bengt Muthen, and Theresa Dicke

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An integrated model of academic self-concept development: academic self-concept, grades, test scores, and tracking over 6 years, Herbert W. Marsh, Reinhard Pekrun, Kou Murayama, A. Katrin Arens, Philip D. Parker, Jiesi Guo, and Theresa Dicke

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An integrated model of academic self-concept development: academic self-concept, grades, test scores, and tracking over 6 years [accepted manuscript], Herbert W. Marsh, Reinhard Pekrun, Kou Murayama, A. Katrin Arens, Philip D. Parker, Jiesi Guo, and Theresa Dicke

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Individually weighted-average models: Testing a taxonomic SEM approach across different multidimensional/global constructs because the weights "Don't make no nevermind", Herbert W. Marsh and L. Francesca Scalas

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Individually weighted-average models: Testing a taxonomic SEM approach across different multidimensional/global constructs because the weights "Don't make no nevermind" [accepted manuscript], Herbert W. Marsh and L. Francesca Scalas

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Meaningfulness as satisfaction of autonomy, competence, relatedness, and beneficence: Comparing the four satisfactions and positive affect as predictors of meaning in life, Frank Martela, Richard M. Ryan, and Michael F. Steger

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Students' agentic engagement predicts longitudinal increases in perceived autonomy-supportive teaching: The squeaky wheel gets the grease, Lennia Matos, Johnmarshall Reeve, Dora Herrera, and Mary Claux

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Teachers’ occupational attributes and their psychological wellbeing, job satisfaction, occupational self-concept and quitting intentions, Dennis M. McInerney, Hanke Korpershoek, Hui Wang, and Alexandre J. S. Morin

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Individual differences in lexical and grammar spelling across primary school, Marie-France Morin, Denis Alamargot, Thierno M. O. Diallo, and Michel Fayol

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Attending and avoiding dental appointments: Do “bright” and “dark” motivational paths have a role?, A. E. Münster Halvari, H. Halvari, and E. L. Deci

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Managing element interactivity in equation solving, Bing Hiong Ngu, Huy P. Phan, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, and Siu Fung Chung

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Learning to solve challenging percentage-change problems: A cross-cultural study from a cognitive load perspective, Bing Hiong Ngu, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Huy P. Phan, Kian Sam Hong, and Hasbee Usop

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Mindfulness and acceptance approaches to athletic performance, Michael Thomas Noetel

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Are changes in occupational physical activity level compensated by changes in exercise behavior?, Carla F. J. Nooijen, Borja del Pozo-Cruz, Gisela Nyberg, Taren Sanders, Maria R. Galanti, and Yvonne Forsell

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Basic psychological needs and work motivation: A longitudinal test of directionality, Anja H. Olafsen, Edward L. Deci, and Hallgeir Halvari

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Regular physical activity and educational outcomes in youth: A longitudinal study [accepted manuscript], Katherine B. Owen, Philip D. Parker, Thomas Astell-Burt, and Chris Lonsdale

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Effects of physical activity and breaks on mathematics engagement in adolescents, Katherine Owen, Phil Parker, T. Astell-Burt, and Chris Lonsdale

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Effects of physical activity and breaks on mathematics engagement in adolescents [accepted manuscript], Katherine Owen, Phil Parker, T. Astell-Burt, and Chris Lonsdale

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Trends in indigenous and non-indigenous multidomain wellbeing: decomposing persistent, maturation, and period effects in emerging adulthood [accepted manuscript], Philip D. Parker, Gawaian Bodkin-Andrews, Rhiannon B. Parker, and Nicholas Biddle

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Inequity and excellence in academic performance: evidence from 27 countries [accepted manuscript], Philip D. Parker, Herbert W. Marsh, John P. Jerrim, Jiesi Guo, and Theresa Dicke

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Negative year in school effect: extending scope and strengthening causal claims [accepted manuscript], Philip D. Parker, Herbert W. Marsh, Felix Thoemmes, and Nicholas Biddle

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Girls get smart, boys get smug: Historical changes in gender differences in math, literacy, and academic social comparison and achievement [accepted manuscript], Philip D. Parker, Brooke Van Zanden, and Rhiannon B. Parker

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Predicting university entry using machine-based models and solutions [accepted manuscript], Phil Parker, John Jerrim, Anna K. Chmielewski, and Herbert W. Marsh

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An information distortion model of social class differences in math self-concept, intrinsic value, and utility value, Phil Parker, Herb Marsh, Jiesi Guo, Jake Anders, Nikki Shure, and Theresa Dicke

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An information distortion model of social class differences in math self-concept, intrinsic value, and utility value [accepted manuscript], Phil Parker, Herb Marsh, Jiesi Guo, Jake Anders, Nikki Shure, and Theresa Dicke

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Girls get smart, boys get smug: Historical changes in gender differences in math, literacy, and academic social comparison and achievement, Phil Parker, Brooke Van Zanden, and Rhiannon B. Parker

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Reciprocal relations between students' academic enjoyment, boredom, and achievement over time, David W. Putwain, Sandra Becker, Wendy Symes, and Reinhard Pekrun

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Control-value appraisals, enjoyment, and boredom in mathematics: A longitudinal latent interaction analysis [accepted manuscript], David W. Putwain, Reinhard Pekrun, Laura J. Nicholson, Wendy Symes, Sandra Becker, and Herbert W. Marsh

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Community gardening: Basic psychological needs as mechanisms to enhance individual and community well-being, Eleanor Quested, Cecilie Thøgersen-Ntoumani, Hannah Uren, Sarah J. Hardcastle, and Richard M. Ryan

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Ideal cardiovascular health and incident cardiovascular disease among adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, José M. Saavedra, Felipe Lobelo, Carlos A. Celis-Morales, Borja del Pozo Cruz, and Antonio García-Hermoso

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Personality-based antecedents of teachers’ autonomy-supportive and controlling motivating styles, Johnmarshall Reeve, Hye-Ryen Jang, and Hyungshim Jang

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Self-determination theory in human resource development: New directions and practical considerations, C. Scott Rigby and Richard M. Ryan

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Enlightening Science: Addressing the Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Aspects of Science Learning, Munirah Shaik Kadir

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Unmet need for professional mental health care among adolescents with high psychological distress, Rachel Sheppard, Frank P. Deane, and Joseph Ciarrochi

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Passion and mindfulness: accessing adaptive self-processes, Ariane C. St-Louis, Jeremie Verner-Filion, Catherine M. Bergeron, and Robert J. Vallerand

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Motivational predictors of learning strategies, participation, exertion, and performance in physical education: A randomized controlled trial, Svein Olav Ulstad, Hallgeir Halvari, Øystein Sørebø, and Edward L. Deci

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Fostering personal meaning and self-relevance: A self-determination theory perspective on internalization, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Nathalie Aelterman, Gert-Jan De Muynck, Leen Haerens, Erika Patall, and Johnmarshall Reeve

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Understanding the Psychological and Social Origins of Gender Disparities in Self-Beliefs, Motivation, and Educational Attainment, Brooke Van Zanden

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A qualitative investigation of the perceived influence of adolescents’ motivation on relationships between domain-specific physical activity and positive and negative affect, Rhiannon Lee White, Rebecca Olson, Philip D. Parker, Thomas Astell-Burt, and Chris Lonsdale

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A qualitative investigation of the perceived influence of adolescents’ motivation on relationships between domain-specific physical activity and positive and negative affect [accepted manuscript], Rhiannon Lee White, Rebecca Olson, Philip D. Parker, Thomas Astell-Burt, and Chris Lonsdale

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A qualitative investigation of the perceived influence of adolescents’ motivation on relationships between domain-specific physical activity and positive and negative affect [accepted manuscript], Rhiannon Lee White, Rebecca Olson, Phillip Parker, Thomas Astell-Burt, and Chris Lonsdale

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Domain-specific physical activity and affective wellbeing among adolescents: An observational study of the moderating roles of autonomous and controlled motivation, Rhiannon Lee White, Phil Parker, David Lubans, Freya MacMillan, Rebecca Olson, T. Astell-Burt, and Chris Lonsdale

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Acceptance and Commitment Therapy delivered in a dyad after a severe traumatic brain injury: A feasibility study, Diane L. Whiting, Frank P. Deane, Grahame K. Simpson, Joseph Ciarrochi, and Hamish J. McLeod

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Psychometric validation of the Parental Bonding Instrument in a U.K. population–based sample: Role of gender and association with mental health in mid-late life, Man K. Xu, Alexandre J. S. Morin, Herbert W. Marsh, Marcus Richards, and Peter B. Jones

Submissions from 2017

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Self-determination theory, Nicole Adams, Todd D. Little, and Richard M. Ryan

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Lively social space, well-being activity, and urban design: findings from a low-cost community-led public space intervention, Jamie Anderson, Kai Ruggeri, Koen Steemers, and Felicia Huppert

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Math self-concept, grades, and achievement test scores: Long-term reciprocal effects across five waves and three achievement tracks [accepted manuscript], A. Katrin Arens, Herbert W. Marsh, Reinhard Pekrun, Stephanie Lichtenfeld, Kou Murayama, and Rudolf vom Hofe

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Improved representation of the self-perception profile for children through bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling, A. K. Arens and Alexandre Morin

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Departing from the essential features of a high quality systematic review of psychotherapy: a response to ÖST (2014) and recommendations for improvement, Paul W. Atkins, Joeseph Ciarrochi, Brandon A. Gaudiano, Jonathan B. Bricker, Donald James, Graciela Rovner, Matthew F. Smout, Fredrik Livheim, Tobias Lundgren, and Steven C. Hayes

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Longitudinal associations between recreational screen-time and mental health in Australian adolescents: A cross-lagged panel analysis, Mark Babic, Kim Colyvas, Philip Morgan, Ron C. Plotnikoff, Chris Lonsdale, and David Lubans

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Intervention to reduce recreational screen-time in adolescents: outcomes and mediators from the 'Switch-off 4 healthy minds' (S4HM) cluster randomized controlled trial, Mark Babic, Philip Morgan, Chris Lonsdale, Ron C. Plotnikoff, Narelle Eather, Geoff D. Skinner, A L. Baker, Emma Pollock, and David Lubans

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Women with family cancer history are at risk for poorer physical quality of life and lower self-efficacy: a longitudinal study among men and women with non-small cell lung cancer, Anna Banik, Ralf Schwarzer, Izabela Pawlowska, Monika Boberska, Roman Cieslak, and A. Luszczynska

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Exposing the patterns of statistical blindness: centring indigenous standpoints on student identity, motivation, and future aspirations, Gawaian Bodkin-Andrews, Alison Whittaker, Neil Harrison, Rhonda Craven, Phil Parker, Michelle Trudgett, and Susan Page

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Motivation and coping with the stress of assessment: gender differences in outcomes for university students, Arielle Bonneville-Roussey, Paul Evans, Jeremie Verner-Filion, Robert J. Vallerand, and Therese Bouffard

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Validity of self-reported concentration and memory problems: relationship with neuropsychological assessment and depression, Rosemarie M. Bowler, Shane W. Adams, Ralf Schwarzer, Vihra Gocheva, Harry A. Roels, Yangho Kim, Catherine L. Kircos, Chris W. Wright, Michelle Colledge, George Bollweg, and Danelle T. Lobdell

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Fostering Purpose in Life / Meaning in Life Across the Life Span, Levi Brackman

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Imagery rescripting for PTSD and personality disorders: theory and application, Robert Brockman and Fiona Calvert

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Emotion regulation strategies in daily life: mindfulness, cognitive reappraisal and emotion suppression, Robert Brockman, Joseph Ciarrochi, Phil Parker, and Todd Kashdan

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Emotion Regulation Strategies in Daily Life: Examining Contextual Variability in the Process of Emotion Regulation, Robert N. Brockman

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Dyadic incongruence in chronic heart failure: Implications for patient and carer psychological health and self-care, Jan Cameron, David R. Thompson, Dion Szer, Joannah Greig, and Chantal F. Ski

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Preventing occupational injury among police officers: Does motivation matter?, D. K. Chan, D. Webb, R. M. Ryan, T. C. W. Tang, S. X. Yang, N. Ntoumanis, and M. S. Hagger

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The meaning and doing of mindfulness: the role of values in the link between mindfulness and well-being, Alison M. Christie, Paul W. Atkins, and James Donald

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A longitudinal person-centered perspective on youth social support: relations with psychological wellbeing [accepted manuscript], Joseph Ciarrochi, Alexandre J.S. Morin, Baljinder K. Sahdra, David Litalien, and Philip D. Parker

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A longitudinal person-centered perspective on youth social support: relations with psychological wellbeing [accepted manuscript], Joseph Ciarrochi, Alexandre J.S. Morin, Baljinder Sahdra, and Philip D. Parker

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A longitudinal person-centered perspective on youth social support: relations with psychological wellbeing, Joseph Ciarrochi, Alexandre Morin, Baljinder Sahdra, David Litalien, and Phil Parker