The Institute for Positive Psychology & Education (IPPE) brings together the world’s leading researchers and theorists to conduct rigorous, multi-disciplinary research to:

  • address critical educational and psychosocial issues
  • translate theory and research into effective policy and practice, and
  • demonstrate how people can not just succeed — but flourish and thrive.

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Theses from 2018

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A Critical Look at Parenting Research: An Examination and Contextualisation of Autonomy Supportive and Psychologically Controlling Parenting, Jasper J. Duineveld

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Individually weighted-average models: Testing a taxonomic SEM approach across different multidimensional/global constructs because the weights "Don't make no nevermind" [accepted manuscript], Herb Marsh

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Individually weighted-average models: Testing a taxonomic SEM approach across different multidimensional/global constructs because the weights "Don't make no nevermind", Herb Marsh and L. Francesca Scalas

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Effects of physical activity and breaks on mathematics engagement in adolescents, Katherine Owen, Phil Parker, T. Astell-Burt, and Chris Lonsdale

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Effects of physical activity and breaks on mathematics engagement in adolescents [accepted manuscript], Katherine Owen, Phil Parker, T. Astell-Burt, and Chris Lonsdale

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Girls get smart, boys get smug: Historical changes in gender differences in math, literacy, and academic social comparison and achievement [accepted manuscript], Philip D. Parker, Brooke Van Zanden, and Rhiannon B. Parker

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An information distortion model of social class differences in math self-concept, intrinsic value, and utility value, Phil Parker, Herb Marsh, Jiesi Guo, Jake Anders, Nikki Shure, and Theresa Dicke

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An information distortion model of social class differences in math self-concept, intrinsic value, and utility value [accepted manuscript], Phil Parker, Herb Marsh, Jiesi Guo, Jake Anders, Nikki Shure, and Theresa Dicke

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Girls get smart, boys get smug: Historical changes in gender differences in math, literacy, and academic social comparison and achievement, Phil Parker, Brooke Van Zanden, and Rhiannon B. Parker

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Enlightening Science: Addressing the Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Aspects of Science Learning, Munirah Shaik Kadir

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Passion and mindfulness: accessing adaptive self-processes, Ariane C. St-Louis, Jeremie Verner-Filion, Catherine M. Bergeron, and Robert J. Vallerand

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Understanding the Psychological and Social Origins of Gender Disparities in Self-Beliefs, Motivation, and Educational Attainment, Brooke Van Zanden

Submissions from 2017

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Lively social space, well-being activity, and urban design: findings from a low-cost community-led public space intervention, Jamie Anderson, Kai Ruggeri, Koen Steemers, and Felicia Huppert

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Improved representation of the self-perception profile for children through bifactor exploratory structural equation modeling, A. K. Arens and Alexandre Morin

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Departing from the essential features of a high quality systematic review of psychotherapy: a response to ÖST (2014) and recommendations for improvement, Paul W. Atkins, Joeseph Ciarrochi, Brandon A. Gaudiano, Jonathan B. Bricker, Donald James, Graciela Rovner, Matthew F. Smout, Fredrik Livheim, Tobias Lundgren, and Steven C. Hayes

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Longitudinal associations between recreational screen-time and mental health in Australian adolescents: A cross-lagged panel analysis, Mark Babic, Kim Colyvas, Philip Morgan, Ron C. Plotnikoff, Chris Lonsdale, and David Lubans

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Intervention to reduce recreational screen-time in adolescents: outcomes and mediators from the 'Switch-off 4 healthy minds' (S4HM) cluster randomized controlled trial, Mark Babic, Philip Morgan, Chris Lonsdale, Ron C. Plotnikoff, Narelle Eather, Geoff D. Skinner, A L. Baker, Emma Pollock, and David Lubans

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Women with family cancer history are at risk for poorer physical quality of life and lower self-efficacy: a longitudinal study among men and women with non-small cell lung cancer, Anna Banik, Ralf Schwarzer, Izabela Pawlowska, Monika Boberska, Roman Cieslak, and A. Luszczynska

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Motivation and coping with the stress of assessment: gender differences in outcomes for university students, Arielle Bonneville-Roussey, Paul Evans, Jeremie Verner-Filion, Robert J. Vallerand, and Therese Bouffard

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Validity of self-reported concentration and memory problems: relationship with neuropsychological assessment and depression, Rosemarie M. Bowler, Shane W. Adams, Ralf Schwarzer, Vihra Gocheva, Harry A. Roels, Yangho Kim, Catherine L. Kircos, Chris W. Wright, Michelle Colledge, George Bollweg, and Danelle T. Lobdell

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Fostering Purpose in Life / Meaning in Life Across the Life Span, Levi Brackman

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Emotion Regulation Strategies in Daily Life: Examining Contextual Variability in the Process of Emotion Regulation, Robert N. Brockman

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Preventing occupational injury among police officers: Does motivation matter?, D. K. Chan, D. Webb, R. M. Ryan, T. C. W. Tang, S. X. Yang, N. Ntoumanis, and M. S. Hagger

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The meaning and doing of mindfulness: the role of values in the link between mindfulness and well-being, Alison M. Christie, Paul W. Atkins, and James Donald

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A longitudinal person-centered perspective on youth social support: relations with psychological wellbeing, Joseph Ciarrochi, Alexandre Morin, Baljinder Sahdra, David Litalien, and Phil Parker

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When empathy matters: the role of sex and empathy in close friendships, Joseph Ciarrochi, Phil Parker, Baljinder Sahdra, Todd B. Kashdan, Noona Kiuru, and James Conigrave

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Psychological, social and physical environmental mediators of the SCORES intervention on physical activity among children living in low-income communities, Kristen Cohen, P. J. Morgan, Ron C. Plotnikoff, Ryan Hulteen, and David Lubans

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Overcoming societal addictions: what can we learn from individual therapies?, R. Costanza, Paul W. Atkins, Mitzi Bolton, Steve Cork, Nicola Grigg, T. Kasser, and Ida Kubiszewski

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Societal addiction therapy: from motivational interviewing to community engaged scenario planning, R. Costanza, Paul W. Atkins, Mitzi Bolton, Steve Cork, Nicola Grigg, T. Kasser, and Ida Kubiszewski

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Attitude to non-violence scale: validity and practical use, Rhonda Craven, Marjorie Seaton, and Alex Yeung

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Self-determination theory in work organizations: state of a science, Edward Deci, Anja H. Olafsen, and Richard Ryan

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Consequences of misspecifying across-cluster time-specific residuals in multilevel latent growth curve models, Thierno Diallo and HuiZhong Lu

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The impact of total and partial inclusion or exclusion of active and inactive time invariant covariates in growth mixture models, Thierno Diallo, Alexandre Morin, and HuiZhong Lu

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Commentary: Primary emotional systems and personality: An evolutionary perspective, Stefano I. Di Domenico and Richard M. Ryan

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The emerging neuroscience of intrinsic motivation: a new frontier in self-determination research, Stefano Di Domenico and Richard Ryan

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Cognitive defusion predicts more approach and less avoidance coping with stress, independent of threat and self-efficacy appraisals, James Donald, Paul W. Atkins, Phil Parker, Alison M. Christie, and Jiesi Guo

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The link between perceived maternal and paternal autonomy support and adolescent well-being across three major educational transitions, Jasper Duineveld, Phil Parker, Richard M. Ryan, Joseph Ciarrochi, and K. Salmela-Aro

Advancing primary teachers' awareness of the nature of science through communities of science practice, Anne Forbes, Shaik Kadir, Munirah Binte, and Alex Yeung

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Increasing valued behaviors precedes reduction in suffering: findings from a randomized controlled trial using ACT, Andrew Gloster, Jens Klotsche, Joseph Ciarrochi, Georg Eifert, Rainer Sonntag, Hans U. Wittchen, and Jürgen Hoyer

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Extending expectancy-value theory predictions of achievement and aspirations in science: dimensional comparison processes and expectancy-by-value interactions, Jiesi Guo, Herb Marsh, Phil Parker, Alexandre Morin, and Theresa Dicke

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Predicting dental attendance from dental hygienists' autonomy support and patients' autonomous motivation: a randomised clinical trial, Anne E. M. Halvari, Hallgeir Halvari, Geoffrey C. Williams, and Edward Deci

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Physical activity and motivational predictors of changes in health behavior and health among DM2 and CAD patients, Hallgeir Halvari, J. Healey, Anja H. Olafsen, R. Byrkjeland, Edward Deci, and Geoffrey C. Williams

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The role of self-efficacy and friend support on adolescent vigorous physical activity, Kyra Hamilton, Lisa M. Warner, and Ralf Schwarzer

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The role of movement skill competency in the pursuit of physical literacy: Are fundamental movement skills the only pathway?, R. Hulteen, P. Morgan, L. Barnett, D. Stodden, and D. Lubans

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Global participation in sport and leisure-time physical activities: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Ryan Hulteen, Jordan Smith, Philip J. Morgan, Lisa M. Barnett, Pedro C. Hallal, Kim Colyvas, and David Lubans

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Individual differences in decision making depend on cognitive abilities, monitoring and control, Simon A. Jackson, S. Kleitman, Lazar Stankov, and Pauline Howie

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Teachers' and Students' Perspectives of Using Restorative Practices in Schools: "It's Got the Power to Change Behaviour", Michelle Kehoe

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Obsessive passion: a compensatory response to unsatisfied needs, Daniel R. Lalande, Robert J. Vallerand, Marc A. K. Lafreniere, Jeremie Verner-Filion, François Albert Laurent, Jacques Forest, and Yvan Paquet

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Why do children worry about their academic achievement? An expectancy-value perspective on elementary students¿ worries about their mathematics and reading performance, Fani Lauermann, J. S. Eccles, and Reinhard Pekrun

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University English language learners' readiness to use computer technology for self-directed learning, Cynthia Lee, Alex Yeung, and Tiffany Ip

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Daily autonomy support and sexual identity disclosure predicts daily mental and physical health outcomes, N. Legate, Richard Ryan, and Ronald D. Rogge

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Mentoring interventions for underrepresented scholars in biomedical and behavioral sciences: Effects on quality of mentoring interactions and discussions, Vivian Lewis, Camille A. Martina, Michael P. McDermott, Linda Chaudron, Paula M. Trief, Jennifer G. LaGuardia, Daryl Sharp, Steven R. Goodman, Gene D. Morse, and Richard M. Ryan

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Evidence of a continuum structure of academic self-determination: a two-study test using a bifactor-ESEM representation of academic motivation, David Litalien, Alexandre Morin, Marylène Gagné, Robert J. Vallerand, Gaëtan F. Losier, and Richard Ryan

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Achievement goal profiles among adolescent males and females, David Litalien, Alexandre Morin, and Dennis McInerney

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Communication skills training for practitioners to increase patient adherence to home-based rehabilitation for chronic low back pain: results of a cluster randomized controlled trial, Chris Lonsdale, A. M. Hall, Aileen Murray, Geoffrey C. Williams, S. M. McDonough, Nikolaos Ntoumanis, Katherine Owen, Ralf Schwarzer, Phil Parker, Gregory S. Kolt, and D. A. Hurley

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Framework for the design and delivery of organized physical activity sessions for children and adolescents: rationale and description of the 'SAAFE' teaching principles, David Lubans, Chris Lonsdale, Kristen Cohen, Narelle Eather, Mark Beauchamp, P. J. Morgan, Benjamin D. Sylvester, and Jordan Smith

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Emotion and achievement during adolescence, Reinhard P. Ludwig

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Emotional demands, emotional labour and occupational outcomes in school principals modelling the relationships, Aimee Maxwell and Phil Riley

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Complementary variable- and person-centered approaches to the dimensionality of psychometric constructs: application to psychological wellbeing at work, Alexandre Morin, J. S. Boudrias, Herb Marsh, Dennis McInerney, Véronique Dagenais-Desmarais, Isabelle Madore, and David Litalien

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"I had a little bit of a bloke meltdown...but the next day, I was up": understanding cancer experiences among aboriginal men., Christy E. Newman, Rebecca Gray, Loren Brener, L. C. Jackson, Anthony Dillon, Veronica Saunders, Priscilla Johnson, and C. Treloar

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Mindfulness and acceptance approaches to sporting performance enhancement: A systematic review [accepted manuscript], Michael Noetel, Joseph Ciarrochi, Brooke Van Zanden, and Chris Lonsdale

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Motivating young language learners: a longitudinal model of self-determined motivation in elementary school foreign language classes, W. L. Q. Oga-Baldwin, Yoshiyuki Nakata, Phil Parker, and Richard Ryan

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On the dark side of work: a longitudinal analysis using self-determination theory, Anja H. Olafsen, C. P. Niemiec, Hallgeir Halvari, Edward Deci, and Geoffrey C. Williams

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Achievement emotions and academic performance: longitudinal models of reciprocal effects, Reinhard Pekrun, Stephanie Lichtenfeld, Herb Marsh, K. Murayama, and Thomas Goetz

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Measuring emotions during epistemic activities: the epistemically-related emotion scales, Reinhard Pekrun, Elisabeth Vogl, Krista R. Muis, and Gale M. Sinatra

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How social are social media? A review of online social behaviour and connectedness, Tracii Ryan, Kelly Allen, Deleon L. Gray, and Dennis McInerney

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Music self-concept and self-esteem formation in adolescence: A comparison between individual and normative models of importance within a latent framework, L. Francesca Scalas, Herbert W. Marsh, Walter Vispoel, Alexandre J. S. Morin, and Zhonglin Wen

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Emotions and motivation in mathematics education: theoretical considerations and empirical contributions, Stanislaw Schukajlow, Katrin Rakoczy, and Reinhard Pekrun

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Mediators of change in screen-time in a school-based intervention for adolescent boys: findings from the ATLAS cluster randomized controlled trial, Jordan Smith, P. J. Morgan, Chris Lonsdale, K. Dally, Ron C. Plotnikoff, and David Lubans

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How parents contribute to children's psychological health: the critical role of psychological need support, Bart Soenens, Edward Deci, and M. Vansteenkiste

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An intervention to improve teachers' interpersonally involving instructional practices in high school physical education: Implications for student relatedness support and in-class experiences, Cassandra Sparks, Chris Lonsdale, James A. Dimmock, and Ben Jackson

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Exploring the relations between epistemic beliefs, emotions, and learning from texts, Gregory J. Trevors, Krista R. Muis, Reinhard Pekrun, Gale M. Sinatra, and Marloes M. L. Muijselaar

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How well do parents know their adolescent children? Parent inferences of student self-concepts reflect dimensional comparison processes, Brooke Van Zanden, Herb Marsh, Marjorie Seaton, Phil Parker, Jiesi Guo, and Jasper Duineveld

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The two roads from passion to sport performance and psychological well-being: the mediating role of need satisfaction, deliberate practice, and achievement goals, Jeremie Verner-Filion, Robert J. Vallerand, Catherine E. Amiot, and Irina Mocanu

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Domain-specific physical activity and mental health: a meta-analysis, Rhiannon L. White, Mark Babic, Phil Parker, David Lubans, T. Astell-Burt, and Chris Lonsdale

Submissions from 2016

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Math self-concept in preschool children: Structure, achievement relations, and generalizability across gender, A. Katrin Arens, Herbert Warren Marsh, Rhonda Gai Craven, Alexander Seeshing Yeung, Eva Randhawa, and Marcus Hasselhorn

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Examination of the structure and grade-related differentiation of multidimensional self-concept instruments for children using ESEM, A. Katrin Arens and Alexandre J. S. Morin

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Relations between teachers' emotional exhaustion and students' educational outcomes, A. K. Arens and Alexandre Morin

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Intervention to reduce recreational screen-time in adolescents: Outcomes and mediators from the 'Switch-Off 4 Healthy Minds' (S4HM) cluster randomized controlled trial, Mark J. Babic, Jordan J. Smith, Phillip J. Morgan, Christopher Sean Lonsdale, Ronald C. Plotnikoff, Narelle Eather, Geoff D. Skinner, Amanda L. Baker, Emma Pollock, and David R. Lubans

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Measuring self and rules in what people say: Exploring whether self-discrimination predicts long-term wellbeing, Paul William B. Bamkin and Robert G. Styles

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Controlling coaching behaviors and athlete burnout: Investigating the mediating roles of perfectionism and motivation, Kelly Barcza-Renner, Robert C. Eklund, Alexandre J. S. Morin, and Christine M. Habeeb

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Police officers who responded to 9/11: Comorbidity of PTSD, depression, and anxiety 10-11 years later, Rosemarie M. Bowler, Erica S. Komblith, Jiehui Li, Shane W. Adams, Vihra V. Gocheva, Ralf Schwarzer, and James E. Cone

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Hans J. Eysenck and Raymond B. Cattell on intelligence and personality, Gregory J. Boyle, Lazar Stankov, Nicholas G. Martin, K. V. Petrides, Michael W. Eysenck, and Generos Ortet

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Mindfulness enhances episodic memory performance: Evidence from a multimethod investigation, Kirk Warren Brown, Robert J. Goodman, Richard Michael Ryan, and Bhikkhu Analayo

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Materialism, spending, and affect: An event-sampling study of marketplace behavior and its affective costs, Kirk Warren Brown, Tim Kasser, Richard M. Ryan, and James Konow

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The impact of emotions on student achievement in synchronous hybrid business and public administration programs: A longitudinal test of control-value theory, Nikolaus T. Butz, Robert H. Stupnisky, Reinhard Pekrun, Jason L. Jensen, and Dana M. Harsell

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Teacher ratings of the ADHD-RS IV in a community sample: Results from the ChiP-ARD Study, Herve M. Caci, Alexandre J. Morin, and Antoine Tran

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Editorial for positive computing: A new partnership between psychology, social sciences and technologists, Rafael A. Calvo, Dianne Vella-Brodrick, Pieter Desmet, and Richard Michael Ryan

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I'm not the same person since I met you: The role of romantic passion in how people change when they get involved in a romantic relationship, Noemie Carbonneau, Robert J. Vallerand, Genevieve L. Lavigne, and Yvan Paquet

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Stage-based computer-delivered interventions to increase condom use in young men, Telma Carvalho, Maria-Joao Alvarez, Cicero Pereira, and Ralf Schwarzer

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Contextualizing generic pedagogical knowledge through tension-focused reflection: A self-study, Zhu Chen

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Testing the factor structure and measurement invariance across gender of the big five inventory through exploratory structural equation modeling, Carlo Chiorri, Herbert Warren Marsh, Alessandro Ubbiali, and Deborah Donati

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The paradoxical role of perceived control in late life health behavior, Judith G. Chipperfield, Raymond P. Perry, Reinhard Pekrun, Petra Barchfeld, Frieder R. Lang, and Jeremy M. Hamm

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Contextual positive psychology: Policy recommendations for implementing positive psychology into schools, Joseph Ciarrochi, Paul W. Atkins, Louise L. Hayes, Baljinder Sahdra, and Phil Parker

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The development of compulsive internet use and mental health: A four-year study of adolescence, Joseph Ciarrochi, Phillip David Parker, Baljinder Kaur Sahdra, Sarah Louise Marshall, Chris Jackson, Andrew Gloster, and Patrick Charles Lionel Heaven

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Measures that make a difference: A functional contextualistic approach to optimizing psychological measurement in clinical research and practice, Joseph Ciarrochi, Robert D. Zettle, Robert Brockman, James Duguid, Phillip David Parker, Baljinder Kaur Sahdra, and Todd B. Kashdan

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Development and Validation of Research Scales for the Leadership Multi-rater Assessment of Personality (LMAP), Brian S. Connelly, Ronald A. Warren, Hyunji Kim, and Stefano Di Domenico

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Toward a positive psychology of indigenous thriving and reciprocal research partnership model, Rhonda Gai Craven, Richard Michael Ryan, Janet Mooney, Robert J. Vallerand, Anthony William Oswald Dillon, Fabri Blacklock, and Natasha R. Magson

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Intrinsic motivation: The inherent tendency to be active, Edward L. Deci

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Nussbaum's capabilities and self-determination theory's basic psychological needs: Relating some fundamentals of human wellness, Cody R. DeHaan, Tadashi Hirai, and Richard Michael Ryan