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Jacques Dupuis, Paul Griffiths, and other scholars investigate the salvation available for those of other religions rather than the question of the divine revelation to which they might respond with faith. Biblical usage illustrates how faith is a diversified reality, including faith as content (fides quae) and as commitment (fides qua). Faith, described in Hebrews 11:1–3 more theologically than christologically, is then exemplified not only by Abraham and his descendants but also by pre-Israelites (Abel, Enoch, and Noah) and by the ‘outsider’ Rahab, a prostitute. When we unpack Hebrews 11:6, we can see in detail what ‘pleasing God’ through faith entails—for Christians and others. While both groups share in varying degrees the obedience of faith (fides qua), for the latter the content of faith (fides quae) can match the lesser requirements of Hebrews 11:1–3.

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Journal Article

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