Bacon, A., Hawthorne, J. & Uzquiano, G. (2016). Higher-order free logic and the prior-Kaplan paradox. Canadian Journal of Philosophy,46(4-5), 493-541. United Kingdom: Routledge. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/00455091.2016.1201387
The principle of universal instantiation plays a pivotal role both in the derivation of intensional paradoxes such as Prior’s paradox and Kaplan’s paradox and the debate between necessitism and contingentism. We outline a distinctively free logical approach to the intensional paradoxes and note how the free logical outlook allows one to distinguish two different, though allied themes in higher-order necessitism. We examine the costs of this solution and compare it with the more familiar ramificationist approaches to higher-order logic. Our assessment of both approaches is largely pessimistic, and we remain reluctantly inclined to take Prior’s and Kaplan’s derivations at face value.
Dianoia Institute of Philosophy
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