Shields, N., Adair, B., Wilson, P., Froude, E. & Imms, C. (2018). Characteristics influencing diversity of participation of children in activities outside school. American Journal of Occupational Therapy,72(4), 7204205010p1-7204205010p9. United States of America: American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc.. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2018.026914
Objective: A cross-sectional survey was conducted to determine which personal and environmental characteristics influenced diversity of participation in activities outside school for typically developing children and adolescents. Method: Four hundred twenty-two (215 boys) typically developing Australian children (mean = 11.0 yr) completed the Children’s Assessment of Participation and Enjoyment (CAPE) and the Preferences for Activity of Children to describe their participation on five activity types: Recreational, Active Physical, Social, Self-Improvement, and Skill-Based. Linear regression analyses were conducted. Results: Predictors of participation diversity were age and preference for Recreational (aR2 = .44); preference for Active Physical (aR2= .19); gender, school type, and preference for Social (aR2 = .19); preference for Skill-Based (aR2 = .25); and gender, school style, socioeconomic score, and preference for Self-Improvement (aR2 = .24). Conclusion: Preference plays a key role in determining the diversity of participation in activities outside school.
School of Psychology
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