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Purpose of Review: Treatment with a defibrillator can reduce the risk of sudden death by terminating ventricular arrhythmias. The identification of patient groups in whom this function reduces overall mortality is challenging. In this review, we summarise the evidence for who benefits from a defibrillator. Recent Findings: Recent evidence suggests that contemporary pharmacologic and non-defibrillator device therapies are altering the potential risks and benefits of a defibrillator. Summary: Who benefits from a defibrillator is determined by both the risk of sudden death and the competing risk of other, non-sudden causes of death. The balance of these risks is changing, which calls into question whether historic evidence for the use of defibrillators remains robust in the modern era.


Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research

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Open Access Journal Article

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Open Access

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.