Van der Avoort, C. M, van Loon, L., Hopman, M. T & Verdijk, LB. (2018). Increasing vegetable intake to obtain the health promoting and ergogenic effects of dietary nitrate. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition,72 1485-1489. United Kingdom: Nature Publishing Group. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1038/s41430-018-0140-z
Increased consumption of dietary nitrate increases plasma nitrate and nitrite concentrations, and has been shown to elicit cardio-protective effects and improve exercise performance. Nitrate consumption in the habitual diet is mainly dependent on nitrate-rich vegetables, such as green leafy and root vegetables, with total vegetable consumption accounting for approximately 50–85% of our daily nitrate intake. Whereas ‘supplementation’ with dietary nitrate in research studies has mainly been accomplished through the use of (concentrated) nitrate-rich beetroot juice, dietary strategies focusing on increased intake of nitrate-rich vegetables may represent a similarly effective alternative for increasing dietary nitrate intake and, as such, obtaining the associated cardiovascular health and ergogenic benefits.
Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research
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