Morin, A. J, Arens, K., Tracey, D., Parker, P. D, Ciarrochi, J., Craven, R. & Maiano, C. (2017). Self-esteem trajectories and their social determinants in adolescents with different levels of cognitive ability [accepted manuscript]. American Journal on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities,122(6), 539-560. United States: American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1352/1944-7558-122.6.539
This study examines the development of self-esteem in a sample of 138 Australian adolescents (90 males; 48 females) with cognitive abilities in the lowest 15% (L-CA) and a matched sample of 556 Australian adolescents (312 males; 244 females) with average to high levels of cognitive abilities (A/H-CA). These participants were measured annually (Grade 7 to 12). The findings showed that adolescents with L-CA and A/H-CA experience similar high and stable self-esteem trajectories that present similar relations with key predictors (sex, school usefulness and dislike, parenting, and peer integration). Both groups revealed substantial gender differences showing higher levels of self-esteem for adolescent males remaining relatively stable over time, compared to lower levels among adolescent females which decreased until midadolescence before increasing back.
Institute for Positive Psychology and Education
Open Access Journal Article
FT100100656, DE140100080, DP140103874