Barcza-Renner, K., Eklund, R. C, Morin, A. J & Habeeb, CM. (2016). Controlling coaching behaviors and athlete burnout: Investigating the mediating roles of perfectionism and motivation [accepted manuscript]. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology,38(1), 30-44. United States of America: Human Kinetics Publishers Inc.. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2015-0059
This investigation sought to replicate and extend earlier studies of athlete burnout by examining athlete-perceived controlling coaching behaviors and athlete perfectionism variables as, respectively, environmental and dispositional antecedents of athlete motivation and burnout. Data obtained from NCAA Division I swimmers (n = 487) within 3 weeks of conference championship meets were analyzed for this report. Significant indirect effects were observed between controlling coaching behaviors and burnout through athlete perfectionism (i.e., socially prescribed, self-oriented) and motivation (i.e., autonomous, amotivation). Controlling coaching behaviors predicted athlete perfectionism. In turn, self-oriented perfectionism was positively associated with autonomous motivation and negatively associated with amotivation, while socially prescribed perfectionism was negatively associated with autonomous motivation and positively associated with controlled motivation and amotivation. Autonomous motivation and amotivation, in turn, predicted athlete burnout in expected directions. These findings implicate controlling coaching behaviors as potentially contributing to athlete perfectionism, shaping athlete motivational regulations, and possibly increasing athlete burnout.
Institute for Positive Psychology and Education
Open Access Journal Article