Publication Date



Music self-concept integrates perceptions, beliefs, and self-schemas about a person’s musical abilities and potential. Like other self-concept dimensions, it is multifaceted, hierarchically organized and has implications for motivation toward musical practice. The Music Self-Perception Inventory (MUSPI) is a theoretically based instrument assessing six specific music self-concept dimensions, as well as global music self-concept. Nonetheless, its applicability is limited by its length (84 items). In this study, we developed and validated a 28-item short form of the MUSPI, and showed that the short form yielded equivalent psychometric properties as the original. We validated the original MUSPI on a first sample and used these results to develop a shorter version (MUSPI-S), which we then cross-validated using a new independent sample. We also tested whether the MUSPI-S psychometric properties generalized (were invariant) across gender and grade-differentiated subgroups. Finally, we examined the convergent validity of the MUSPI and MUSPI-S. Results highlighted the psychometric soundness of the MUSPI-S on all criteria, and showed that it presented patterns of associations with other constructs equivalent to those observed with the original MUSPI.


Institute for Positive Psychology and Education

Document Type

Open Access Journal Article

Access Rights

Open Access

Grant Number



Alexandre J.S. Morin, L. Francesca Scalas, Walter Vispoel, Herbert W. Marsh, Zhonglin Wen, The music self-perception inventory: Development of a short form, Psychology of Music (44, 5) pp. 915-934. Copyright © 2016 (the author(s)). Reprinted by permission of SAGE Publications. DOI: 10.1177/0305735615592690

Included in

Psychology Commons