Publication Date

1-1-2017

Abstract

Background--Biomarkers may help us to unravel differences in the underlying pathophysiology between heart failure (HF) patients with a reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and a preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Therefore, we compared biomarker profiles to characterize pathophysiological differences between patients with HFrEF and HFpEF. Methods and Results--We retrospectively analyzed 33 biomarkers from different pathophysiological domains (inflammation, oxidative stress, remodeling, cardiac stretch, angiogenesis, arteriosclerosis, and renal function) in 460 HF patients (21% HFpEF, left ventricular ejection fraction ≥45%) measured at discharge after hospitalization for acute HF. The association between these markers and the occurrence of all-cause mortality and/or HF-related rehospitalizations at 18 months was compared between patients with HFrEF and HFpEF. Patients were 70.6±11.4 years old and 37.4% were female. Patients with HFpEF were older, more often female, and had a higher systolic blood pressure. Levels of high-sensitive C-reactive protein were significantly higher in HFpEF, while levels of pro-atrial-type natriuretic peptide and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide were higher in HFrEF. Linear regression followed by network analyses revealed prominent inflammation and angiogenesis-associated interactions inHFpEF and mainly cardiac stretch-associated interactions in HFrEF. The angiogenesis-specific marker, neuropilin and the remodeling-specific marker, osteopontin were predictive for all-cause mortality and/or HF-related rehospitalizations at 18 months in HFpEF, but not in HFrEF (P for interaction < 0.05). Conclusions-In HFpEF, inflammation and angiogenesis-mediated interactions are predominantly observed, while stretchmediated interactions are found in HFrEF. The remodeling marker osteopontin and the angiogenesis marker neuropilin predicted outcome in HFpEF, but not in HFrEF.

School/Institute

Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research

Document Type

Journal Article

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ERA Access

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