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Purpose. To compare energy use and substrate partitioning arising from repeated lower versus upper-body sprints, or endurance exercise, across a 24-h period. Methods. Twelve untrained males (24 ± 4 y) completed three trials in randomized order: (1) repeated sprints (five 30-s Wingate, 4.5-min recovery) on a cycle ergometer (SITLegs); (2) 50-min continuous cycling at 65% V̇O2max (END); (3) repeated sprints on an arm-crank ergometer (SITArms). Respiratory gas exchange was assessed before and during exercise, and at eight points across 22 h of recovery. Results. Metabolic rate was elevated to greater extent in the first 8 h after SITLegs than SITArms (by 0.8 ± 1.1 kJ/min, p = 0.03), and tended to be greater than END (by 0.7 ± 1.3 kJ/min, p = 0.08). Total 24-h energy use (exercise + recovery) was equivalent between SITLegs and END (p = 0.55), and SITLegs and SITArms (p = 0.13), but 24-h fat use was higher with SITLegs than END (by 26 ± 38 g, p = 0.04) and SITArms (by 27 ± 43 g, p = 0.05), whereas carbohydrate use was higher with SITArms than SITLegs (by 32 ± 51 g, p = 0.05). Plasma volume-corrected post-exercise and fasting glucose and lipid concentrations were unchanged. Conclusion. Despite much lower energy use during five sprints than 50-min continuous exercise, 24-h energy use was not reliably different. However, (i) fat metabolism was greater after sprints, and (ii) carbohydrate metabolism was greater in the hours after sprints with arms than legs, while 24-h energy usage was comparable. Thus, sprints using arms or legs may be an important adjunct exercise mode for metabolic health.


Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research

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Journal Article

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