Rodrigues, A. L, Ball, J. C, Ski, C., Stewart, S. & Carrington, MJ. (2016). A systematic review and meta-analysis of primary prevention programmes to improve cardio-metabolic risk in non-urban communities. Preventive Medicine,87 22-34. Netherlands: Elsevier BV. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2016.02.011
Although cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) prevention programmes have been effective in urban residents, their effectiveness in non-urban settings, where cardio-metabolic risk is typically elevated, is unknown. We systematically reviewed the effectiveness of primary prevention programmes aimed at reducing risk factors for CVD/T2DM, including blood pressure, body mass index (BMI), blood lipid and glucose, diet, lifestyle, and knowledge in adults residing in non-urban areas.
Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research
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