Heywood, S., McClelland, D. J, Geigle, P., Rahmann, A. E & Clark, RA. (2016). Spatiotemporal, kinematic, force and muscle activation outcomes during gait and functional exercise in water compared to on land: A systematic review.. Gait & Posture,48 120-130. Netherlands: Elsevier. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2016.04.033
Exercises replicating functional activities are commonly used in aquatic rehabilitation although it is not clear how the movement characteristics differ between the two environments. A systematic review was completed in order to compare the biomechanics of gait, closed kinetic chain and plyometric exercise when performed in water and on land.
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