Potter, R. F, Yap, A. K, Francis, A. J & Schuster, S. (2014). Self-compassion mediates the relationship between parental criticism and social anxiety. International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy,14(1), 33-43. Spain: Asociacion de Analisis del Comportamiento.
Psychological theories of social anxiety suggest that social anxiety is associated with parental criticism. The current study aimed to test this hypothesis and examine the possibility that different aspects of self-compassion (self-warmth and self-coldness) mediate the relationship between parental criticism and social anxiety. Participants from the general population (N= 211) completed an online survey that measured levels of parental criticism, self-compassion, and social anxiety. The results showed that parental criticism was positively correlated with social anxiety and self-coldness, while negatively correlated with self-warmth. Social anxiety was also positively correlated with self-coldness and negatively correlated with self-warmth. Finally, self-warmth and self-coldness completely mediated the relationship between parental criticism and social anxiety. The results provide evidence to suggest that parental criticism has an impact on social anxiety through its association with low self-compassion.
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