Diallo, T. M, Morin, A. J & Lu, H. (2016). Impact of misspecifications of the latent variance-covariance and residual matrices on the class enumeration accuracy of growth mixture models. Structural Equation Modeling,23(4), 507-531. United Kingdom: Routledge. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/10705511.2016.1169188
This series of simulation studies was designed to assess the impact of misspecifications of the latent variance–covariance matrix (i.e., ) and residual structure (i.e., ) on the accuracy of growth mixture models (GMMs) to identify the true number of latent classes present in the data. Study 1 relied on a homogenous (1-class) population model. Study 2 relied on a population model in which the latent variance–covariance matrix is constrained to be 0 Study 3 relied on a population model in which the latent variance–covariance matrix was specified as invariant across classes Finally, Study 4 relied on a more realistic specification of the latent variance–covariance matrix as different across classes In each of these studies, we assessed the class enumeration accuracy of GMMs as a function of different types of estimated model (6 models corresponding to the 3 types of population models used to simulate the data and involving the free estimation of the residual structure across latent classes or not) and 4 design conditions (within-class residual matrix, sample size, mixing ratio, class separation). Overall, our results show the advantage of relying on models involving the free estimation of the and matrices within all latent classes. However, based on the observation that inadmissible solutions occur more frequently in these models than in more parsimonious models, we propose a more comprehensive sequential strategy to the estimation of GMM.
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