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Key components in the assessment of a child in the emergency department ( ED ) are their heart and respiratory rates. In order to interpret these signs, practitioners must know what is normal for a particular age. The aim of this paper is to develop age-specific centiles for these parameters and to compare centiles with the previously published work of Fleming and Bonafide, and the Advanced Paediatric Life Support ( APLS ) reference ranges.

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Open Access Journal Article

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