Smith, C., Wallen, M., Walker, K., Bundy, A., Rolinson, R. & Badawi, N. (2012). Validity of the fine motor area of the 12-month ages and stages questionnaire in infants following major surgery. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics,32(3), 260-271. United Kingdom: Haworth Press Inc.. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.3109/01942638.2011.606261
The Ages and Stages Questionnaires (ASQ) are parent-report screening tools to identify infants at risk of developmental difficulties. The purpose of this study was to examine validity and internal reliability of the fine motor developmental area of the ASQ, 2nd edition (ASQ2-FM) for screening 12-month-old infants following major surgery. The ASQ2-FM was completed by caregivers of 74 infants who had cardiac surgery in the first 90 days of life, 104 infants who had noncardiac surgery in the first 90 days of life, and a control group of 154 infants. The Rasch item response analysis revealed that the ASQ2-FM had poor ability to discriminate among levels of fine motor ability. Sensitivity was poor (20%) and specificity was good (98%) when compared with the scores for the fine motor subscale of the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development. The ASQ2-FM under-identified infants at risk for fine motor delay; internal reliability and construct validity do not support use as a screening tool of fine motor development of infants aged 12 months who have undergone major surgery.
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