Leslie, W. D, Majumdar, S. R, Lix, L. M, Johansson, H., Oden, A., McCloskey, E. V & Kanis, JA. (2012). High fracture probability with FRAX® usually indicates densitometric osteoporosis: Implications for clinical practice. Osteoporosis International,23(1), 391-397. United Kingdom: Springer Verlag. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/s00198-011-1592-3
Summary: Most patients designated as high risk of fracture using fracture risk assessment tool ( FRAX® ) with femoral neck bone mineral density ( BMD ) ( i.e., 10-year major osteoporotic fracture probability exceeding 20% or hip fracture exceeding 3% ) have one or more T-scores in the osteoporotic range; conversely, almost no high risk patients have normal T-scores at all bone mineral density measurement sites. Introduction: We determined the agreement between a FRAX® designation of high risk of fracture [defined as 10-year major osteoporotic fracture probability ( ≥20% ) or hip fracture probability ( ≥3% )] and the WHO categorizations of bone mineral density according to T-score. Methods: Ten-year FRAX® probabilities calculated with femoral neck BMD were derived using both Canadian and US white tools for a large clinical cohort of 36,730 women and 2,873 men age 50 years and older from Manitoba, Canada. Individuals were classified according to FRAX fracture probability and BMD T-scores alone. Results: Most individuals designated by FRAX as high risk of major osteoporotic fracture had a T-score in the osteoporotic range at one or more BMD measurement sites ( 85% with Canadian tool and 83% with US white tool ). The majority of individuals deemed at high risk of hip fracture had one or more T-scores in the osteoporotic range ( 66% with Canadian tool and 64% with US white tool ). Conversely, there were extremely few individuals ( < 1% ) who were at high risk of major osteoporotic or hip fracture with normal T-scores at all BMD measurement sites. Conclusions: A FRAX designation of high risk of fracture is usually associated with a densitometric diagnosis of osteoporosis.
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