Cole, M. H, Rippey, J., Naughton, G. A & Silburn, PA. (2016). Use of a short-form balance confidence scale to predict future recurrent falls in people with Parkinson Disease. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation,97(1), 152-156. United States of America: W.B. Saunders Co.. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmr.2015.07.027
Objectives: To assess whether the 16-item Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale (ABC-16) and short-form 6-item Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale (ABC-6) could predict future recurrent falls in people with Parkinson disease (PD) and to validate the robustness of their predictive capacities.
Design: Twelve-month prospective cohort study.
Setting: General community.
Participants: People with idiopathic PD (N=79).
Interventions: Clinical tests were conducted to assess symptom severity, balance confidence, and medical history. Over the subsequent 12 months, participants recorded any falls on daily fall calendars, which they returned monthly by reply paid post.
Main Outcome Measures: Logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic analyses estimated the sensitivities and specificities of the ABC-16 and ABC-6 for predicting future recurrent falls in this cohort, and “leave-one-out” validation was used to assess their robustness.
Results: Of the 79 patients who completed follow-up, 28 (35.4%) fell more than once during the 12-month period. Both the ABC-16 and ABC-6 were significant predictors of future recurrent falls, and moderate sensitivities (ABC-16: 75.0%; ABC-6: 71.4%) and specificities (ABC-16: 76.5%; ABC-6: 74.5%) were reported for each tool for a cutoff score of 77.5 and 65.8, respectively.
Conclusions: The results have significant implications and demonstrate that the ABC-16 and ABC-6 independently identify patients with PD at risk of future recurrent falls.
School of Exercise Science
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