Hekier, E. B, Buman, M. P, Haskell, W. L, Conway, T., Cain, K., Sallis, J. F, Saelens, B., Frank, L., Kerr, J. & King, AC. (2012). Reliability and validity of CHAMPS self-reported sedentary-to-vigorous intensity physical activity in older adults. Journal of Physical Activity and Health,9(2), 225-236. United States of America: Human Kinetics Publishers, Inc.. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.9.2.225
Background: Recent research highlights the potential value of differentiating between categories of physical activity intensities as predictors of health and well-being. This study sought to assess reliability and concurrent validity of sedentary (ie, 1 METs), low-light (ie, > 1 and ≤2 METs; eg, playing cards), high-light (ie, > 2 and < 3 METs; eg, light walking), moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA, ≥3 METs), and “total activity” (≥2 METs) from the CHAMPS survey. Further, this study explored over-reporting and double-reporting. Methods: CHAMPS data were gathered from the Seniors Neighborhood Quality of Life Study, an observational study of adults aged 65+ years conducted in 2 US regions. Results: Participants (N = 870) were 75.3 ± 6.8 years old, with 56% women and 71% white. The CHAMPS sedentary, low-light, high-light, total activity, and MVPA variables had acceptable test-retest reliability (ICCs 0.56−0.70). The CHAMPS high-light (ρ = 0.27), total activity (ρ = 0.34), and MVPA (ρ = 0.37) duration scales were moderately associated with accelerometry minutes of corresponding intensity, and the sedentary scale (ρ = 0.12) had a lower, but significant correlation. Results suggested that several CHAMPS items may be susceptible to over-reporting (eg, walking, housework). Conclusions: CHAMPS items effectively measured high-light, total activity, and MVPA in seniors, but further refinement is needed for sedentary and low-light activity.
Institute for Health and Ageing