Adams, M. A, Sallis, J. F, Conway, T. L, Frank, L. D, Saelens, B. E, Kerr, J., Cain, K. L & King, AC. (2012). Neighborhood environment profiles for physical activity among older adults. American Journal of Health Behavior,36(6), 757-769. United States of America: P N G Publications. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.36.6.4
Objectives: To explore among older adults whether multivariate neighborhood profiles were associated with physical activity (PA) and BMI. Methods: Adults (66-97 years) were recruited from Baltimore-Washington, DC (n=360), and Seattle-King County, Washington (n=368), regions. Latent profile analyses were conducted using the Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale. ANCOVA models tested for criterion validity of profiles by examining relationships to PA and BMI. Results: Neighborhood profiles differed significantly by as much as 10 minutes/day for moderate-to-vigorous PA, 1.1 hours/week for walking for errands, and almost 50 minutes/week for leisure PA. Conclusions: Environmental variables resulted in meaningful neighborhood patterns that explained large differences in seniors' health outcomes.
Institute for Health and Ageing
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