Quene, H., Semin, G. R & Foroni, F. (2012). Audible smiles and frowns affect speech comprehension. Speech Communication,54(7), 917-922. Netherlands: Elsevier BV * North Holland. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.specom.2012.03.004
Motor resonance processes are involved both in language comprehension and in affect perception. Therefore we predict that listeners understand spoken affective words slower, if the phonetic form of a word is incongruent with its affective meaning. A language comprehension study involving an interference paradigm confirmed this prediction. This interference suggests that affective phonetic cues contribute to language comprehension. A perceived smile or frown affects the listener, and hearing an incongruent smile or frown impedes our comprehension of spoken words.
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