Do employees’ needs moderate their reaction to supervisor’s empowerment practices?

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This study tests if three employees’ needs (autonomy, achievement, and affiliation) moderate the relationship between supervisor’s empowerment managerial practices (SEMP) and employees’ behavioral empowerment (BE). Our hypothesis was that employees whose needs were less satisfied would be more receptive to empowering practices allowing them to satisfy their needs. A questionnaire study was conducted (n=370) to test this hypothesis. Results of hierarchical regression analyses indicate that the satisfaction of the three needs considered together as well as the satisfaction of achievement need moderate the relationship between SEMP and BE. Contrary to expectations, SEMP were more related to BE when employees’ needs were more satisfied.


Institute for Positive Psychology and Education

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Book Chapter

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