Self-efficacy moderates the mediation of intentions into behavior via plans
Lippke, S., Wiedemann, A. U, Ziegelmann, J. P, Reuter, T. & Schwarzer, KR. (2009). Self-efficacy moderates the mediation of intentions into behavior via plans. American Journal of Health Behavior,33(5), 521-529. United States of America: P N G Publications. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.33.5.5
Objective : To examine the putative moderating role of self-efficacy in the intention-planning-behavior relationship. Methods : In N812 individuals, intentions (independent variable) were assessed at baseline, whereas action plans (mediator), self-efficacy (moderator), and physical activity (dependent variable) were measured again 4 weeks later. We examined a moderated-mediation model. Results : Self-efficacy moderates the mediation process: the strength of the mediated effect increased along with levels of self-efficacy. The results remain valid after accounting for baseline physical activity. Conclusions : For plans to mediate the intention-behavior relation, people must hold sufficiently high levels of self-efficacy. If they lack self-efficacy, planning may be in vain.
Institute for Positive Psychology and Education