Predicted and observed outcomes in preschool children following speech and language treatment: Parent and clinician perspectives
Thomas-Stonell, N. L, Oddson, B., Robertson, B. & Rosenbaum, P. (2009). Predicted and observed outcomes in preschool children following speech and language treatment: Parent and clinician perspectives. Journal of Communication Disorders,42(1), 29-42. United States of America: Elsevier. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcomdis.2008.08.002
Parents of 210 preschool children (age 2–5.7) and their clinicians were asked to describe their expectations for therapy and the changes they observed following treatment. Based on content analysis of the parents’ and clinicians’ responses, it was apparent that the comments aligned with the World Health Organization’s (WHO) International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health—Child and Youth version (ICF-CY) framework. Parents and clinicians observed positive changes across the ICF-CY domains of Body Functions, Activities and Participation and Personal Factors following therapy. Parents noted twice as many changes in the Participation and Personal Factors domains as clinicians. Parents described improvements in play, socialization, confidence and behaviour at home, school and in the community—changes not typically captured by other preschool speech and language outcome measures. New outcome measures need to be based on actual observations of change by both parents and clinicians to ensure that they measure a sufficiently broad-based range of skills.
Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research