Long-term relations between intentions, planning, and exercise: A 3-year longitudinal study after orthopedic rehabilitation
Reuter, T., Ziegelmann, J. P, Lippke, S. & Schwarzer, KR. (2009). Long-term relations between intentions, planning, and exercise: A 3-year longitudinal study after orthopedic rehabilitation. Rehabilitation Psychology,54(4), 363-371. United States of America: American Psychological Association. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1037/a0017830
Objective: Planning has been hypothesized to operate as a mediator linking intentions to health behaviors. To explore the temporal variation of these constructs and their interrelationships, a long-term study of intentions, planning, and physical activity was conducted. Method: A sample of 328 individuals in orthopedic rehabilitation provided data at five measurement occasions over 3 years after their discharge from rehabilitation. A process-oriented approach combining mediation analysis and latent growth curve (LGC) modeling was applied. Results: The orthopedic rehabilitation led to an initial increase in planning and behavior, followed by a decrease after 6 months and stabilization for the next 2.5 years. Intention revealed a slight but constant decrease for 6 months and remained stable up to 3 years after rehabilitation. The mediation model confirmed planning as mediator between intention and physical activity in former rehabilitation participants. Conclusions: Prior evidence on the mediating role of planning in the intention-behavior relation is corroborated and extended by the present findings at the level of long-term processes. Planning can and should be integrated in rehabilitation treatment programs to facilitate sustainable recovery.
Institute for Positive Psychology and Education