Folk theory of social change
Kashmina, Y., Bain, P., Haslam, N., Peters, K., Laham, S., Whelan, J., Bastian, B., Loughnan, S., Kaufmann, L. M & Fernando, J. (2009). Folk theory of social change. Asian Journal of Social Psychology,12(4), 227-246. United Kingdom: Wiley Blackwell. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-839X.2009.01288.x
People have a folk theory of social change (FTSC). A typical Western FTSC stipulates that as a society becomes more industrialized, it undergoes a natural course of social change, in which a communal society marked by communal relationships becomes a qualitatively different, agentic society where market-based exchange relationships prevail. People use this folk theory to predict a society's future and estimate its past, to understand contemporary cross-cultural differences, and to make decisions about social policies. Nonetheless, the FTSC is not particularly consistent with the existing cross-cultural research on industrialization and cultural differences, and needs to be examined carefully.
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