Complex critical realism: Tenets and application in nursing research
Clark, A. M, Lissel, S. L & Davis, C. (2008). Complex critical realism: Tenets and application in nursing research. Advances in Nursing Science,31(4), 67-79. United States of America: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1097/01.ANS.0000341421.34457.2a
Aim: To outline the main tenets of critical realism (CR), its use, and future application in nursing. Background: Little work has been done to discuss how CR can be applied to nursing research. Findings: The tenets of CR include recognition of reality independent of human perceptions, a generative view of causation in open systems, and a focus on explanations and methodological eclecticism using a postdisciplinary approach. Critical realism is useful for (1) understanding complex outcomes, (2) optimizing interventions, and (3) researching biopsychosocial pathways. Such questions are central to evidence-based practice, chronic disease management, and population health. Conclusions: Critical realism is philosophically strong and potentially useful for nursing research.
Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research