Cohesiveness, coach's interpersonal style and psychological needs: Their effects on self-determination and athletes' subjective well-being
Blanchard, C. M, Amiot, C. E, Perreault, S., Vallerand, R. J & Provencher, P. (2009). Cohesiveness, coach's interpersonal style and psychological needs: Their effects on self-determination and athletes' subjective well-being. Psychology of Sport and Exercise,10(5), 545-551. The Netherlands: Elsevier. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2009.02.005
Goal: The goal of this study was to test the impact of cohesiveness and coaches' controlling interpersonal style on athletes' perceptions of autonomy, competence and relatedness. A contextual motivation sequence [Vallerand, R. J. (1997). Toward a hierarchical model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. In M. Zanna (Ed.), Advances in experimental social psychology, Vol. 29 (pp. 271–360). New York: Academic Press.] was tested whereby social factors supporting the satisfaction of basic needs would increase the level of sport self-determination, which in turn, should predict subjective well-being in athletes. Method: The proposed sequence was tested with 197 basketball players using structural equation modeling. The hypothesized model was supported. Results: Perceptions of cohesiveness positively predicted the satisfaction of the basic needs. Perceptions of coaches' controlling interpersonal style negatively impacted feelings of autonomy. In turn, psychological needs predicted self-determination in sports ensuing greater sport satisfaction and positive emotions in sports. Tests of indirect effects also supported the mediating role of psychological needs and self-determination. Conclusion: Results are discussed in light of the different types of motivational antecedents and their influence on the psychological needs.
Institute for Positive Psychology and Education