Publication Date




This article describes infection prevention and control professionals' (ICPs') staffing levels, patient outcomes, and costs associated with the provision of infection prevention and control services in Australian hospitals. A secondary objective was to determine the priorities for infection control units.


A cross sectional study design was used. Infection control units in Australian public and private hospitals completed a web-based anonymous survey. Data collected included details about the respondent; hospital demographics; details and services of the infection control unit; and a description of infection prevention and control related outputs, patient outcomes and infection control priorities.


Forty-nine surveys were undertaken, accounting for 152 Australian hospitals. The mean number of ICPs was 0.66 per 100 overnight beds (95% CI 0.55-.0.77). Privately funded hospitals have significantly fewer ICPs per 100 overnight beds, compared to publicly funded hospitals (P < .01). Staffing costs for nursing staff in infection control units in this study totaled $16,364,392 (mean, $380,566). Infection control units managing smaller hospitals (<270 beds) identified the need for increased access to infectious diseases or microbiology support.


This study provides valuable information to support future decisions by funders, hospital administrators and ICPs on service delivery models for infection prevention and control. Further, it is the first to provide estimates of the resourcing and cost of staffing infection control in hospitals at a national level.


School of Nursing, Midwifery & Paramedicine

Document Type

Open Access Journal Article

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Open Access

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Nursing Commons