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The Achievement Emotions Questionnaire (AEQ) is a self-report instrument developed to measure the emotions of students in academic situations. The main purpose of this research was to adapt and validate this questionnaire to assess pre-adolescents' class- and test-related emotions towards mathematics. The participants were 1515 Portuguese students from grades 5 and 7 (age range 10–13 years). Confirmatory factor analyses and descriptive statistics confirm the reliability and internal validity of the AEQ for Pre-Adolescents (AEQ-PA), providing evidence that the AEQ-PA is an effective instrument to assess pre-adolescent achievement emotions towards mathematics classes and tests.


Institute for Positive Psychology and Education

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Journal Article

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