Nieuwenhuis, M., Jaarsma, T., van Veldhuisen, D., Postmus, D. & van der Wal, M. (2012). Long-term compliance with nonpharmacologic treatment of patients with heart failure. The American Journal of Cardiology,110(3), 392-397. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amjcard.2012.03.039
The aim of this study was to examine long-term compliance with nonpharmacologic treatment of patients with heart failure (HF) and its associated variables. Data from 648 hospitalized patients with HF (mean age 69 ± 12 years, 38% women, mean left ventricular ejection fraction 33 ± 14%) were analyzed. Compliance was assessed by means of self-report at baseline and 1, 6, 12, and 18 months after discharge. Patients completed questionnaires on depressive symptoms, HF knowledge, and physical functioning at baseline. Logistic regression analyses were performed to examine independent associations with low long-term compliance. From baseline to 18-month follow-up, long-term compliance with diet and fluid restriction ranged from 77% to 91% and from 72% to 89%, respectively. In contrast, compliance with daily weighing (34% to 85%) and exercise (48% to 64%) was lower. Patients who were in New York Heart Association functional class II were more often noncompliant with fluid restriction (odds ratio [OR] 1.97, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.25 to 3.08). A lower level of knowledge on HF was independently associated with low compliance with fluid restriction (OR 0.78, 95% CI 0.71 to 0.86) and daily weighing (OR 0.86, 95% CI 0.79 to 0.94). Educational support improved compliance with these recommendations. Female gender (OR 1.91, 95% CI 1.26 to 2.90), left ventricular ejection fraction ≥40% (OR 1.55, 95% CI 1.03 to 2.34), a history of stroke (OR 3.55, 95% CI 1.54 to 8.16), and less physical functioning (OR 0.99, 95% CI 0.98 to 0.99) were associated with low compliance with exercise. In conclusion, long-term compliance with exercise and daily weighing was lower than long-term compliance with advice on diet and fluid restriction. Although knowledge on HF and being offered educational support positively affected compliance with weighing and fluid restriction, these variables were not related to compliance with exercise. Therefore, new approaches to help patients with HF stay physically active are needed.
Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research
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