McNamara, J. & McCabe, M. (2013). Development and validation of the Exercise Dependence and Elite Athletes Scale. Performance Enhancement & Health,2(1), 30-36. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/j.peh.2012.11.001
Aims: Exercise Dependence (EXD) is a clinical condition associated with physical and psychological risks for elite athletes. This paper describes the development and preliminary validation of the Exercise Dependence (EXD) and Elite Athletes Scale (EDEAS).
Institute for Health and Ageing
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