Paraskevaides, T., Morgan, C. J, Leitz, J. R, Bisby, J. A, Rendell, P. G & Curran, HV. (2009). Drinking and future thinking: Acute effects of alcohol on prospective memory and future simulation. Psychopharmacology,208(2), 301-308. Germany: Springer. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-009-1731-0
Background: It has recently been shown that acute alcohol globally impairs ‘prospective memory’ (PM)—remembering to do something in the future (Leitz et al. in Psychopharmacology 205:379–387, 2009). In healthy, sober individuals, simulating future events at encoding enhances PM performance.
Aims: We therefore aimed to determine if future event simulation could attenuate the impairing effects of acute alcohol on PM.
Methods: Using a double-blind independent group design, 32 healthy volunteers were administered a 0.6-g/kg dose of ethanol or matched placebo. PM performance was assessed using a behavioural task, the ‘Virtual Week’, which was adapted to enable future event simulation in both remote and recent contexts. Episodic memory was indexed with a source memory task and planning with the Tower of London task.
Results: We replicated the finding of Leitz et al. that acute alcohol consumption impairs prospective memory for event-based tasks. Future event simulation significantly improved PM performance on these tasks and eliminated the PM deficit caused by acute alcohol consumption.
Conclusions: This is the first evidence that future event simulation can overcome alcohol-induced deficits in prospective memory and may have important clinical implications for the rehabilitation of chronic alcohol users.
School of Psychology
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