Publication Date



Aims and Methods: This prospective cohort study aimed to assess LV recovery post aortic valve replacement, stratified according to pre-operative valve lesion (aortic stenosis (AS), mixed disease (AS/AR) or aortic regurgitation (AR)), as well as define predictors of persistent LV dilatation post operation. We prospectively followed all patients post Ross procedure performed between 1992 and 2009 by a single surgeon. Echocardiography was performed pre-operatively, at approximately one year post operation then second yearly thereafter. Results: 265 patients were followed for a mean of 6.4 years (range 1–14 years, total 1702 patient-years). Seventy percent were male and mean age was 38.8 ± 12.6 years. The indication for surgery was AS in 44.5% (118), AS/AR in 23.4% (62), and AR in 32.1% (85). Overall mortality was 1.8% and 80% of deaths were non-cardiac. Morbidity was low and the need for pacing was less than 1%. Ninety-nine percent of patients were NYHA class 1 at one year follow up. The indexed LV end diastolic diameter (LVEDDi) decreased significantly post-operation in the AR (3.34 ± 0.39–2.66 ± 0.32 cm/m2, p < 0.001) and mixed (2.85 ± 0.38–2.65 ± 0.30 cm/m2, p = 0.01) groups, whilst the indexed systolic LV dimension decreased significantly post-operation in the AR group (2.26 ± 0.34–1.87 ± 0.27, p < 0.001). At five years post operation, independent predictors for a larger LVEDDi were female gender, a pre-operative LVEDDi >3.0 cm/m2 and the presence of mild aortic regurgitation at one year post-operation. Pre-operative valve lesion was not a predictor. The only independent predictor of a lesser reduction of LVEDDi at five year follow-up was mild post-operative AR, whilst predictors of a lesser reduction in indexed left ventricular end systolic diameter (LVESDi) at five year follow-up included mild post-operative AR and a larger pre-operative LVEDDi. LV wall thickness decreased significantly the AS and AS/AR groups within one year post operation, whilst the neo-aortic root size remained stable throughout follow-up. Conclusions: Recovery of LV size post Ross procedure is influenced predominantly by the pre-operative LV size, in particular the indexed LV end diastolic diameter. The pre-operative valve lesion was not predictive of larger ventricular dimensions post AVR, but independent predictors of a larger ventricular dimensions post operation included female gender, enlarged pre-operative LVEDDi and the presence of mild AR in the first post operative year. Those with mild post-operative AR did not have progressive LV enlargement, thus the clinical significance of this finding remains unclear.


School of Psychology

Document Type

Journal Article

Access Rights

ERA Access

Access may be restricted.