Publication Date

2019

Abstract

Objectives

To investigate whether five-weeks of concentric (CON) or eccentric (ECC) hamstring strength training have different effects on recovery from sprint running, eccentric strength and architecture of the biceps femoris long head (BFLH).

Design

Cohort study.

Methods

Thirty males (age, 22.8 ± 4.1 y; height, 180.1 ± 6.4 cm; weight, 85.2 ± 14.6 kg) were allocated into either a CON or ECC group, both performing nine sessions of resistance training. Prior to and immediately after the five-week intervention, each participant’s BFLH fascicle length (FL), pennation angle (PA), muscle thickness (MT), peak isometric KF torque and Nordic eccentric strength were assessed. Post-intervention, participants performed two timed sprint sessions (10 × 80 m) 48 h apart. Blood samples and passive KF torques were collected before, immediately after, 24 h and 48 h after the first sprint session.

Results

After five-weeks of strength-training, fascicles lengthened in the ECC (p < 0.001; d = 2.0) and shortened in the CON group (p < 0.001; d = 0.92), while PA decreased for the ECC (p = 0.001; d = 0.52) and increased in the CON group (p < 0.001; d = 1.69). Nordic eccentric strength improved in both ECC (p < 0.001; d = 1.49) and CON (p < 0.001; d = 0.95) groups. No between-group differences were observed in peak isometric strength (p = 0.480), passive KF torques (p = 0.807), sprint performance decrements between sprint sessions (p = 0.317) and creatine kinase (p = 0.818).

Conclusions

Despite inducing significant differences in BFLH muscle architecture, there were no significant between group differences in sprint performance decrements across two sprint sessions.

School/Institute

School of Exercise Science

Document Type

Open Access Journal Article

Access Rights

Open Access

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