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This final chapter reflects on the rich contributions within this Handbook of Human Motivation on diverse topics including self-regulation, biological mechanisms, awareness, defensiveness and oppression, and the facilitation of engagement, learning, and behavior change. These processes are examined within broad theoretical frameworks, as well as in specific domains such as close relationships, physical activity, work, education, and psychotherapy. Building on these contributions, the chapter projects forward in time to ask the question of whether future scientists and practitioners will think these authors from the early 21st century were asking the right questions. The chapter includes speculation on how developments in technology, research methodologies, big data, and globalization, among other trends, will reshape the science of motivation not only in its focus and efficacy, but also in its ethics and applications to the formidable problems likely to be faced by our species on a warming and crowded planet.


Institute for Positive Psychology and Education

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Book Chapter

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