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Seventy-six fifth-year students from low-socioeconomic status backgrounds participated in three different instructional conditions in an intervention study. The first combined strategy training in top-level structuring and interrelated motivational support; the second implemented the strategy training only; and the third was a control condition where no specific training in top-level structuring or motivational support was provided. Both trained groups showed substantial improvement in their reading performance, as indicated by two different reading tests administered before and after the 6-week intervention. The control group did not show any significant improvement on these tests. Students in the combined instructional condition made most progress in reading, indicating additional value in combining both explicitly performance-linked motivational support and strategy instruction in promoting reading.


Institute for Learning Sciences and Teacher Education

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Journal Article

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