Damousi, J. (2015). Humanitarianism in the interwar years: How Australians responded to the child refugees of the Armenian genocide and the Greek-Turkish exchange. History Australia,12(1), 95-115. United States of America: Taylor and Francis Inc.. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1080/14490854.2015.11668555
This article considers the response in Australia to two international events that involved humanitarian aid with a specific focus on child refugees — the Armenian genocide of 1915 and its subsequent repercussions, and the 1923 populations exchange between Greece and Turkey. An examination of these campaigns shows how the cause of child refugees generated a form of humanitarianism in Australia comprised of several strands. These can be characterised as Christian humanitarianism, feminist internationalism, an intersection of national and international perspectives and an educative endeavour to impart information to the public. This article draws these strands together into a narrative that describes a varied and multilayered understanding of humanitarianism in Australia during the 1920s that coalesced around the plight of refugee children but was not transferred to the treatment of Australia’s Indigenous and migrant populations. This article has been peer reviewed.
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