Veness, K., Philp, S. & van Rooy, W. (2016). Learning and teaching about oceanography. Science Education News,65(1), 54-62. Australia: Science Teachers Association of New South Wales.
Oceanography is a branch of Earth Science that deals with the physical and biological properties of the sea (Tomczak and Godfrey, 2013) including marine life and ecosystems, ocean circulation, plate tectonics and the geology of the ocean floors as well as the chemical and physical properties of oceans. Scientists working in oceanography often refer to themselves as biological oceanographers (such as marine biologists), physical oceanographers, geological oceanographers or chemical oceanographers (NOAA, 2014). Irrespective of how they describe themselves and their research work, oceanographers require in-depth knowledge and understanding about the biological, physical, geological and chemical processes of the marine environment.
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