Hwang, Y. (2013). Seeing both wood and trees: a theory-of-mind spectrum emerges from the conversations with students identified with autism spectrum disorders and intellectual difficulties. Journal of the Korean Association for Persons with Autism,13(3), 117-141. South Korea: Springer.
Despite its explanatory capacity for the impairments of social communication observed in people with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), Theory-of-Mind (ToM) has been challenged for excessively focusing on cognition and overlooking the individual differences and complexity of personal and social experiences that people with ASD encounter. Responding to a call for investigating ToM from the second-person perspective (Reddy & Morris, 2009), this study invited 20 Korean students identified with ASD and intellectual difficulties to engage in the conversational enquiry process to explore their ToM related experience. A Theory-of-Mind Spectrum Model is suggested to embrace the complexity of Theory-of-Mind for individuals with ASD and intellectual difficulties) including both strengths and difficulties. Educational implications are discussed
Institute for Learning Sciences and Teacher Education
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