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One of the major changes in the higher education sector in the new Russia, as with the former Soviet Union, was forced from above. It involved restructuring, decentralization, and privatization, which affected traditional ex- Soviet universities and colleges. These reforms were brought on by shifting politico-economic imperatives in governance, globalization, and market forces. More specifically, they represented Russia’s response to systemic reforms in higher education in the West, the imperatives of the European Union, and the Bologna Process (see “Focus on the Structure of Higher Education in Europe” 2005). Once Russia successfully completes its ambitious and desired transformation of higher education, based on the European and North American models, it hopes to join the European Union in 2010.


School of Education

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Journal Article

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