Transport and health: a marriage of convenience or an absolute necessity

Mark Nieuwenhuijsen
Haneen Khreis
Ersilia Verlinghieri
David Rojas-Rueda

Abstract

Background: The recent diesel scandal has again highlighted the impact that the transport sector can have on public health. Aim: To describe the current impact of transport planning on public health. Result: Transport is fundamental to our cities' economic and social development, but causes large health effects and impact through accidents, air pollution, noise, green space and lack of physical activity. Conclusion: There is an urgent need to rebalance and provide better and safer infrastructures and policy support for transport, and particularly, active transport modes, building a new culture for it. A parallel transition in transport and urban planning is needed to improve, in a global and structural way, the relations between urban mobility and health.