Zajda, J. & Smith, K. (2015). History school text books and key events : A survey of Russian teachers. Educational Practice and Theory,37(2), 59-78. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.7459/ept/37.2.05
The politicizing of Russian history textbooks and the imperatives of the Russian history standards to promote patriotism and rejection of Western models of history education signal a new ideological transformation in history education in the RF. Ideology, in this case the ‘national ideology’ promoted by President Putin (2014), and his followers, has a powerful influence on the new representations of key events in Russian history. Some scholars argue that school history textbooks rep-resent a clear manifestation of ideological discourses in historiography and historical understandings (Zajda & Whitehouse, 2009; Zajda, 2014a). The ideological function of textbooks has been analysed by Apple (1979, 2004), Anyon (1979), Geertz, (1964), Macintyre and Clark (2003), Pratte, (1977), Sutherland, (1985), Henderson & Zajda (2015;Zajda (2015), and others, mainly through the framework of structuralist and post-structuralist discourses in curriculum and pedagogy. An analysis of current Russian history textbooks demonstrates that there has been a definite ideological shift in the politicizing of history education in schools across the RF, and an ideological re-positioning of Russian history textbooks, in their interpretation and emphasis of historical narratives. It signals a pronounced exercise in forging a new identity, nation-building and a positive re-affirmation of the greatness of the contemporary Russian state (Zajda, 2014b). Grounded in the historical-comparative research methodology paradigm, this article dis-cusses the results of a questionnaire given to Russian history teachers. It discusses their views and attitudes towards key events and their preferences for specific history textbooks in Grades 6-11.
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