An elucidation and comparison of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian upper primary students' self-concepts
Craven, R. G, Yeung, A. S & Ali, J. (2008). An elucidation and comparison of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian upper primary students' self-concepts. 1-15. Australia: Australian Association for Research in Education. Retrieved from http://www.aare.edu.au/data/publications/2008/cra08740.pdf
The purpose of this research is to: (a) examine the applicability of the Self-Description Questionnaire I (SDQI) for Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian students to identify a psychometrically sound measure of self-concept for Indigenous upper primary students, and (b) compare and contrast the structure and levels of self-concepts (SC) for these students to elucidate understandings about the nature of Indigenous students’ self-concepts in comparison to those of their non-Indigenous peers. Applying a confirmatory factor analytic approach with Indigenous (n = 185) and non-Indigenous (n = 518) primary students (Years 5 and 6), the SDQI factor structure was found to be invariant across the 2 groups. All scales showed strong internal consistency and the factor structure was well defined for both sub-samples. The factor loadings and factor correlations were acceptable. Results of Multiple-Indicator-Multiple-Indicator-Cause (MIMIC) models found small but significant ethnicity effects favouring Indigenous students in Physical SC, but non-Indigenous students had higher School SC and Math SC compared to Indigenous students. Boys had higher Math SC and Physical SC compared to girls but girls had higher SCs in 5 of the 8 factors. A significant ethnicity x gender interaction effect was found for School SC indicating particularly low School SC for Indigenous boys. These results suggest that a tangible approach to improving Indigenous students’ academic potential needs to involve enhancing academic self-concepts and that Indigenous boys’ academic self-concepts need particular attention.
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